Learn More
Combined phylogenetic and chromosomal location studies suggest that the orphan receptor RDC1 is related to CXC chemokine receptors. RDC1 provides a co-receptor function for a restricted number of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) isolates, in particular for the CXCR4-using HIV-2 ROD strain. Here we show that CXCL12, the only known natural ligand for CXCR4,(More)
Most cortical interneurons are generated in the subpallial ganglionic eminences and migrate tangentially to their final destinations in the neocortex. Within the cortex, interneurons follow mainly stereotype routes in the subventricular zone/intermediate zone (SVZ/IZ) and in the marginal zone. It has been suggested that interactions between invading(More)
Directional collective migration is now a widely recognized mode of migration during embryogenesis and cancer. However, how a cluster of cells responds to chemoattractants is not fully understood. Neural crest cells are among the most motile cells in the embryo, and their behavior has been likened to malignant invasion. Here, we show that neural crest cells(More)
The Viridiplantae are subdivided into two groups: the Chlorophyta, which includes the Chlorophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae, Ulvophyceae, and Prasinophyceae; and the Streptophyta, which includes the Charophyceae and all land plants. Within the Streptophyta, the actin genes of the angiosperms diverge nearly simultaneously from each other before the separation of(More)
Partial cDNAs encoding for myosin-like proteins from Anemia phyllitidis and Arabidopsis thaliana have been isolated using PCR technology. The deduced amino acid sequences show an average similarity up to 62% with known myosin heavy chain genes. From northern blot analysis we were able to estimate that transcripts of ca. 6.1 kb size are expressed in A.(More)
AIDS is characterized by a progressive decrease of CD4(+) helper T lymphocytes. Destruction of these cells may involve programmed cell death, apoptosis. It has previously been reported that apoptosis can be induced even in noninfected cells by HIV-1 gp120 and anti-gp120 antibodies. HIV-1 gp120 binds to T cells via CD4 and the chemokine coreceptor CXCR4(More)
The regulation of the two isoforms of phospholipase C-gamma, PLCgamma(1) and PLCgamma(2), by cell surface receptors involves protein tyrosine phosphorylation as well as interaction with adapter proteins and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdInsP(3)) generated by inositol phospholipid 3-kinases (PI3Ks). All three processes may lead to recruitment(More)
G-protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRK) are known to phosphorylate agonist-occupied G-protein-coupled receptors. We expressed and functionally characterized mouse GRK6 proteins encoded by four distinct mRNAs generated by alternative RNA splicing from a single gene, mGRK6-A to mGRK6-D. Three isoforms, mGRK6-A to mGRK6-C differ in their C-terminal-most(More)
Two distinct genes are present in the human genome encoding receptors for human interleukin-8 (hCXCL8), referred to as hCXCR1 and hCXCR2. While it seems clear that orthologous genes are present in the genomes of several mammals, the existence of a gene encoding an ortholog of hCXCR1 in the mouse has thus far been controversial. We have isolated a cDNA that(More)
The chemokine CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling system is important for the regulation of neuron migration in the developing forebrain. In particular it is crucial for correct distribution of Cajal-Retzius cells and migration of cortical interneurons. Here we investigated the expression of CXCR7, the second receptor for CXCL12, in comparison to CXCR4. We found that(More)