Barbara Michelotto

Learn More
Noradrenergic and dopaminergic afferents arising from the brain stem to the hypothalamus still play a poorly characterised role in food intake control. We have studied the effect of leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone which has been implicated in the regulation of feeding behaviour, on [3H]norepinephrine and [3H]dopamine release from perfused hypothalamic(More)
We have studied the effects of cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptide-(55-102), leptin, orexin-A and orexin-B on basal and depolarization (K(+) 15 mM)-induced serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) release from rat hypothalamic neuronal endings (synaptosomes) in vitro. We have found that leptin and CART peptide-(55-102) have no effect(More)
Ghrelin and amylin are gut-derived hormones that stimulate and inhibit food intake, respectively. Feeding is modulated by aminergic neurotransmitters in the hypothalamus. We have evaluated the effects of ghrelin and amylin on dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin release from rat hypothalamic synaptosomes. We found that ghrelin did not modify dopamine or(More)
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptide-(55-102) and thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) play an anorectic role in the hypothalamus. Catecholamines are also involved in appetite control and we have previously found that leptin, an adipocyte-derived anorectic hormone, inhibits hypothalamic norepinephrine and dopamine release. We have(More)
In order to investigate whether amyloid beta-peptide-induced oxidative damage in the brain could be related to aging, we studied the release of 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG)F2alpha, a stable marker of cellular oxidative stress, in brain synaptosomes from Wistar rats of different ages (3, 6, 12, 18 months old), both basally and after amyloid beta-peptide (1-40)(More)
Chromatin-derived acidic peptides (ACPs) have been shown to acutely modulate hypothalamic catecholamine release. To investigate whether this effect is mediated through membrane polysialylated neural-cell adhesion molecule (PSA-N-CAM), we pretreated rat hypothalamic synaptosomes with neuraminidase enzyme, which partially cleaves sialic acid residues from(More)
We have studied the neuromodulatory effects of three synthetic peptides, structurally related to chromatin-derived acidic peptides (ACPs): ACP-1 (Asp-Asp-Ser-Asp-Glu-Glu-Asn), corresponding to the C-terminal fragment of the largest subunit of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II; a more lipophilic derivative, ACP-2 (Ala-Ile-Ser-Pro-Asp-Asp-Ser-Asp-Glu-Glu-Asn); and(More)
The N-methyl, N-ethyl, and N-n-propyl derivatives of 5-hydoxy- and 10-hydroxy-2,3,12,12a-tetrahydro-1H-[1]benzoxepino[2,3, 4-ij]isoquinolines were prepared as monophenolic ligands for the dopamine receptor and evaluated for their affinity at D(1)-like and D(2)-like subtypes. All compounds showed very low D(1) affinities. This could be ascribed to the(More)
  • 1