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Noradrenergic and dopaminergic afferents arising from the brain stem to the hypothalamus still play a poorly characterised role in food intake control. We have studied the effect of leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone which has been implicated in the regulation of feeding behaviour, on [3H]norepinephrine and [3H]dopamine release from perfused hypothalamic(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the activity of different forms of endometriosis implants by clinical and biochemical evaluation. DESIGN Prospective, blinded study. SETTING Tertiary-care university hospital. PATIENT(S) Forty-seven infertile patients with minimal or mild endometriosis diagnosed at laparoscopy were included in the clinical investigation. (More)
Assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry is considered to be based on the reproducibility of the leukemic immunophenotype detected at diagnosis. However, we previously noticed modulation of surface antigen expression in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during the early treatment. Hence, we investigated this in 30 children with B-cell(More)
We have studied the effects of cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptide-(55-102), leptin, orexin-A and orexin-B on basal and depolarization (K(+) 15 mM)-induced serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) release from rat hypothalamic neuronal endings (synaptosomes) in vitro. We have found that leptin and CART peptide-(55-102) have no effect(More)
Ghrelin and amylin are gut-derived hormones that stimulate and inhibit food intake, respectively. Feeding is modulated by aminergic neurotransmitters in the hypothalamus. We have evaluated the effects of ghrelin and amylin on dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin release from rat hypothalamic synaptosomes. We found that ghrelin did not modify dopamine or(More)
Adiponectin (Adipocyte Complement-Related Protein of 30 kDa, ACRP30) and resistin are adipocyte-derived polypeptide hormones playing a role in metabolic homeostasis. Their plasma levels are inversely (adiponectin) or directly (resistin) correlated to obesity and they have opposite effects on insulin sensitivity. Adipose tissue hormones such as leptin have(More)
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptide-(55-102) and thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) play an anorectic role in the hypothalamus. Catecholamines are also involved in appetite control and we have previously found that leptin, an adipocyte-derived anorectic hormone, inhibits hypothalamic norepinephrine and dopamine release. We have(More)
Leptin, an adipocyte-derived 16 kDa polypeptide hormone, has been found to regulate food intake and thermogenesis by modulating stimulatory and inhibitory pathways in the feeding circuitry of the hypothalamus, among which corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH). Nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins have been shown to be involved in both CRH neurosecretion and(More)
The TRH analogue 3, incorporating the (S)-isothiazolidine-1,1-dioxide-3-carboxylic acid (1) moiety in place of the native L-pyroglutamic acid (pGlu) residue, has been synthesized and fully characterized by 1H and 13C NMR. The effects of replacing pGlu with its sulphonamido counterpart on biological activity have been investigated. This peptide, which is(More)
Nonhormonal antineoplastic therapy can affect the endocrine system with consequent effects on the growth of hormone-sensitive tumors. Amongst anthracycline antibiotics, we have found daunorubicin and epirubicin able to acutely stimulate prolactin (PRL) secretion both in vivo, in the rat, and in vitro, from rat anterior pituitary cell cultures. Despite a(More)