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STUDY DESIGN AND OBJECTIVE Systemic review of double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses of medication efficacy in the treatment of patients diagnosed with dementia and experiencing neuropsychiatric symptoms(hallucinations, delusions, agitation, aggression, combativeness, wandering). EXCLUSION CRITERIA Studies(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the relationship between clinical variables (demographics, cognitive testing, comorbidities, and medications) and failing a standardized road test in older adults. METHODS Analysis of on-the road studies performed in optimal weather conditions, between January 1, 2005, and May 1, 2007. The standardized testing was held at the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine predictors of oral anticoagulation (OAC) for atrial fibrillation (AF) in long-term care (LTC). DESIGN Chart review. SETTING Six LTC facilities in a metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS One hundred seventeen residents with AF identified from 934 total residents. MEASUREMENTS Data was obtained from the medical chart, pharmacy(More)
The objective of the inverse problem in electrocardiography is to recover noninvasively regional information about intracardiac electrical events from electrical measurements on the body surface. The choice of epicardial potentials as the solution to the inverse problem is motivated by the availability of a unique epicardial potential solution for each body(More)
OBJECTIVE This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing hoarseness (dysphonia), defined as a disorder characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication or reduces voice-related quality of life (QOL). Hoarseness affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in their lives. This(More)
In vitro data from a realistic-geometry electrolytic tank were used to demonstrate the consequences of computational issues critical to the ill-posed inverse problem in electrocardiography. The boundary element method was used to discretize the relationship between the body surface potentials and epicardial cage potentials. Variants of Tikhonov(More)
This article, based on a series of presentations at the American Medical Directors Association, briefly highlights new advances in medical areas of interest to long-term care physicians. The areas discussed are heart failure, vitamin D, falls, new treatments for diabetes mellitus, blood pressure measurement, anemia, clinical nutrition, pressure ulcers,(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation of residents of long-term care facilities is poor. However, only about one half of residents of long term care facilities have a do not resuscitate (DNR) order. The remainder usually have resuscitation by order or by default policy. Understanding predictors of DNR may help clinicians address(More)
Internists and family physicians are trained in evidence-based medicine (EBM). The philosophy of incorporating clinical research "evidence" into medical practice is taught at the undergraduate and graduate levels of medical training. Practicing physicians incorporate EBM into their practices in variable degrees depending on their training, comfort level,(More)
BACKGROUND Non-pharmacological interventions may improve cognition and quality of life, reduce disruptive behaviors, slow progression from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) to dementia, and delay institutionalization. It is important to look at their trial designs as well as outcomes to understand the state of the evidence supporting non-pharmacological(More)