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Cysteine proteinases also referred to as thiol proteases play an essential role in plant growth and development but also in senescence and programmed cell death, in accumulation of storage proteins such as in seeds, but also in storage protein mobilization. Thus, they participate in both anabolic and catabolic processes. In addition, they are involved in(More)
Loss of dehydration tolerance coincides with a shift from heterotrophy to autotrophy during post-germination growth of spring wheat seedlings. This critical stage falls on the fifth day following imbibition. Till the sixth day of experiment light had no effect on dry weight of the seedlings but the survival of six day old seedlings was reduced by half upon(More)
Changes in proteolytic activities in response to water deficiency have been investigated in ten genotypes of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) differing in response to water deficit stress and ability to acclimate. To determine subcellular localization and the type of proteases, mesophyll protoplasts isolated from wheat leaves were purified. Proteolytic(More)
Total NAD kinase activity remained unaltered in the drought non-adapted wheat leaves under water deficit, but gradually decreased with water deficit in the adapted ones. The share of the calmodulin-dependent enzyme was significantly higher in the drought-hardened than in non-hardened plants; however, under severe water deficit the activity of the enzyme(More)
In wheat leaves acclimated and non-acclimated to water deficit the azocaseinolytic activities of endoproteinases were increased about 7-fold under drought conditions. Under such conditions both the pH dependence profile and the endoproteinase pattern were also changed. The predominant contribution of serine proteinase (about 50% of total endoproteinase(More)
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings contain four alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT) homologues. Two of them encode AlaAT enzymes, whereas two homologues act as glumate:glyoxylate aminotransferase (GGAT). To address the function of the distinct AlaAT homologues a comparative examination of the changes in transcript level together with the enzyme activity(More)
A comparative examination of cysteine proteinases in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings differing in sensitivity to frost and drought revealed many similarities and differences in response to water deprivation. Azocaseinolytic activity was enhanced under water deficiency, but the enhancement was significantly lower in the tolerant genotype (Kobra(More)
The effect of water deficit on the ATP-dependent proteolysis and total protein degradation was estimated in the leaves of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) acclimated and non-acclimated to drought. The rate of ATP-dependent proteolysis, quantified as a difference between degradation of 125I-lysozyme under ATP-regenerating and ATP-depleting systems,(More)
The observed inability of 6-d-old seedlings of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to tolerate the same water deficit as compared to the 4-d-old seedlings seems to be associated with the higher carboxypeptidase and lower aminopeptidase activities. Free amino acid pools differentiated also the 4-d-old seedlings from the older ones. Dehydration decreased the(More)