Barbara Majello

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Growth factor withdrawal inhibits cell cycle progression by stimulating expression of growth-arresting genes through the activation of Forkhead box O transcription factors such as FOXO3a, which binds to the FHRE-responsive elements of a number of target genes such as PUMA and GADD45a. Following exposure of cells to growth factors FOXO3a-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND The positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) composed by CDK9/CyclinT1 subunits is a dedicated co-factor of HIV transcriptional transactivator Tat protein. Transcription driven by the long terminal repeat (LTR) of HIV involves formation of a quaternary complex between P-TEFb, Tat and the TAR element. This recruitment is necessary to(More)
RNA polymerase II transcription is associated with cyclic phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of the large subunit of RNA polymerase II. To date, FCP1 is the only specific CTD phosphatase, which is required for general transcription and cell viability. To identify FCP1-associated proteins, we constructed a human cell line expressing(More)
ERV9 is a low repeated family of human endogenous retroviral elements whose expression is mainly detectable in undifferentiated embryonal carcinoma NT2/D1 cells. In this report we have analyzed the minimal promoter region located within the ERV9 LTR. Using the transient CAT expression assay we have identified the minimal promoter region, which includes(More)
The chromatin-modifying enzyme lysine-specific demethylase 1, KDM1A/LSD1 is involved in maintaining the undifferentiated, malignant phenotype of neuroblastoma cells and its overexpression correlated with aggressive disease, poor differentiation and infaust outcome. Here, we show that LSD1 physically binds MYCN both in vitro and in vivo and that such an(More)
Class I genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) appear to be activated in mouse cells transformed by the DNA tumour virus simian virus 40 (SV40). Conversely, suppression of MHC class I genes has been reported in adenovirus-12-transformed baby kidney rat cells. We have now investigated the expression of genes encoded by the rat MHC locus in rat(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms by which DNA damage triggers suppression of transcription of a large number of genes are poorly understood. DNA damage rapidly induces a release of the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) from the large inactive multisubunit 7SK snRNP complex. P-TEFb is required for transcription of most class II genes through(More)
Human FCP1 in association with RNAP II reconstitutes a highly specific CTD phosphatase activity and is required for recycling RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) in vitro. Here we demonstrate that targeted recruitment of FCP1 to promoter templates, through fusion to a DNA-binding domain, stimulates transcription. We demonstrate that a short region at the C-terminus(More)
DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) elicit prompt activation of DNA damage response (DDR), which arrests cell-cycle either in G1/S or G2/M in order to avoid entering S and M phase with damaged DNAs. Since mammalian tissues contain both proliferating and quiescent cells, there might be fundamental difference in DDR between proliferating and quiescent cells (or(More)