Barbara Leduc

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Interactions betweenGliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud., the crops maize and upland rice, and soil conditions were investigated in an alley cropping experiment on aFerralic Cambisol/Plinthic Lixisol in the rainforest area of the Côte d'Ivoire. Conventional and mulched sole cropping treatments were included for comparison. Hedgerow integration significantly(More)
Cocaine was metabolized to norcocaine by microsomes prepared from lymphoblastoid cells expressing transfected human P-450 3A4. The specific activities of norcocaine formation by microsomes prepared from three human liver samples correlated with the amount of P-450 3A immunoreactive protein detected by immunoblot. Triacetyloleandomycin, a specific inhibitor(More)
Chloramphenicol (CP), a broad spectrum antibiotic, is eliminated in humans by glucuronidation. The primary UGT enzymes responsible for CP O-glucuronidation remain unidentified. We have previously identified the 3-O-CP (major) and 1-O-CP (minor) glucuronides by beta-glucuronidase hydrolysis, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and 1D/2D H NMR.(More)
The purposes of this study were to develop a HPLC method to assay for haloperidol glucuronide (HALG); to apply this assay method to the in vitro determination of haloperidol (HAL) UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzyme kinetics in rat liver microsomes (RLM); and to identify the UGT isoforms catalyzing glucuronidation of HAL in rats. Incubation of(More)
CD-1 mice were treated with caffeine-sodium benzoate solution (caffeine doses: 0, 5, 15 or 30 mg/kg i.p.) to determine plasma and brain concentrations, effects on benzodiazepine receptor binding based on specific uptake of a high affinity ligand, and locomotor activity. There was a linear relationship between caffeine dose and mean brain or plasma(More)
Uridinediphosphoglucuronosyl transferases (UGTs) are a group of membrane bound proteins which catalyze the transfer of glucuronic acid from UDP-glucuronic acid to a wide variety of xenobiotics and drug molecules enabling them to be eliminated. The major UGT isoforms found in the rat are 1A1, 1A6, 2B1 and 2B12. Conventional methods for the assay of(More)
The anticoagulant drug warfarin and the lipid-lowering statin drugs are commonly co-administered to patients with cardiovascular diseases. Clinically significant drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between these drugs have been recognized through case studies for many years, but the biochemical mechanisms causing these interactions have not been explained fully.(More)
Warfarin is an anticoagulant used in the treatment of thrombosis and thromboembolism. It is given as a racemic mixture of R and S enantiomers. These two enantiomers show differences in metabolism by CYPs: S-warfarin undergoes 7 hydroxylation by CYP2C9 and R-warfarin by CYP3A4 to form 10 hydroxy warfarin. In addition, warfarin is acted upon by different CYPs(More)