Barbara L. Rellahan

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Mechanisms controlling the disassembly of ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) proteins, which link the cytoskeleton to the plasma membrane, are incompletely understood. In lymphocytes, chemokine (e.g., SDF-1) stimulation inactivates ERM proteins, causing their release from the plasma membrane and dephosphorylation. SDF-1-mediated inactivation of ERM proteins is(More)
TCR engagement activates phospholipase C gamma 1 (PLC gamma 1) via a tyrosine phosphorylation-dependent mechanism. PLC gamma 1 contains a pair of Src homology 2 (SH2) domains whose function is that of promoting protein interactions by binding phosphorylated tyrosine and adjacent amino acids. The role of the PLC gamma 1 SH2 domains in PLC gamma 1(More)
We have developed a model of peripheral in vivo T cell tolerance that is induced by administration of the protein superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB). Rather than activating V beta 8+ T cells, in vivo administration of SEB induced in them a profound state of anergy. This was shown by their failure to proliferate to subsequent in vitro(More)
The zeta subunit of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) exists primarily as a disulfide-linked homodimer. This receptor subunit is important in TCR-mediated signal transduction and is a substrate for a TCR-activated protein tyrosine kinase. The zeta chain was found to undergo ubiquitination in response to receptor engagement. This posttranslational(More)
Numerous signaling molecules associate with lipid rafts, either constitutively or after engagement of surface receptors. One such molecule, phospholipase Cgamma-1 (PLCgamma1), translocates from the cytosol to lipid rafts during T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling. To investigate the role played by lipid rafts in the activation of this molecule in T cells, an(More)
MHC class I genes are potently repressed by HIV Tat, which transactivates the HIV LTR. Tat represses class I transcription by binding to complexes associated with a novel promoter element, consisting of Sp1-like DNA binding sites. Transcription by other Sp1-dependent promoters, such as MDR1 and the minimal SV40 promoters, is also repressed by Tat, whereas(More)
B-cell receptor (BCR)-induced activation of phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLCgamma1) and PLCgamma2 is crucial for B-cell function. While several signaling molecules have been implicated in PLCgamma activation, the mechanism coupling PLCgamma to the BCR remains undefined. The role of PLCgamma1 SH2 and SH3 domains at different steps of BCR-induced PLCgamma1(More)
We investigated the structural requirements for c-Cbl-mediated inhibition of Ag receptor-induced PLCgamma1 activation. Analysis of site-specific c-Cbl mutants indicated that tyrosine phosphorylation of c-Cbl was required for down-regulation of the PLCgamma1/Ca2+ pathway. Coprecipitation experiments indicated that c-Cbl and PLCgamma1 constitutively interact(More)
In mature T cells, limited synthesis of the TCR-zeta subunit is primarily responsible for regulating surface expression of TCRs. Transcription of zeta is directed by a complex promoter that includes two potential binding sites for the Ets family of transcription factors at -52 (zEBS1) and -135 (zEBS2). Mutation of these two sites results in a marked(More)