Barbara L Mania-Farnell

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Ganglioside GM3 inhibits epidermal growth factor (EGF)-dependent cell proliferation in a variety of cell lines. Both in vitro and in vivo, this glycosphingolipid inhibits the kinase activity of the EGF receptor (EGFR). Furthermore, membrane preparations containing EGFR can bind to GM3-coated surfaces. These data suggest that GM3 may interact directly with(More)
It has recently been proposed that guanine nucleotide (GTP)-binding proteins (G-proteins) are involved in transducing stimuli in olfactory receptor neurons. If this is the case, G-proteins should be expressed when receptor cells first generate action potentials in response to odorants, i.e. in the rat fetus on the 16th embryonic day (E16). We have done an(More)
Although maternal intake of folic acid (FA) prevents neural tube defects in 70% of the population, the exact mechanism of prevention has not been elucidated. We hypothesized that FA affects neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and differentiation. This hypothesis was examined in a folate-responsive spina bifida mouse model, Splotch (Sp(-/-)), which has a(More)
Pax3 plays a role in regulating Hes1 and Neurog2 activity and thereby stem cell maintenance and neurogenesis. A mechanism for Pax3 regulation of these two opposing events, during caudal neural tube development, is examined in this study. Pax3 acetylation on C-terminal lysine residues K437 and K475 may be critical for proper regulation of Hes1 and Neurog2.(More)
Pax3 is expressed early during embryonic development in spatially restricted domains including limb muscle, neural crest, and neural tube. Pax3 functions at the nodal point in melanocyte stem cell differentiation, cardiogenesis and neurogenesis. Additionally Pax3 has been implicated in migration and differentiation of precursor cell populations. Currently(More)
OBJECT The authors sought to identify novel biomarkers for early detection of neural tube defects (NTDs) in human fetuses. METHODS Amniotic fluid and serum were drawn from women in the second trimester of pregnancy. The study group included 2 women pregnant with normal fetuses and 4 with fetuses displaying myelomeningocele (n = 1), anencephaly (n = 1),(More)
Local direct delivery of chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of brain tumors is an area of focus in the development of new therapeutic paradigms. These techniques need improvement, especially in terms of drug retention in brain tissue. In this study, we used a rat glioma model to examine carboplatin distribution, as measured by platinum penetration,(More)
OBJECT Direct delivery of chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of brain tumors is an area of focus in the development of therapeutic paradigms because this method of delivery circumvents the blood-brain barrier without causing adverse systemic side effects. Few studies have investigated longitudinal tumor response to this type of therapy. In this(More)
Previously our laboratory identified TGFbeta2 as a potential downstream target of Pax3 by utilizing microarray analysis and promoter data base mining (Mayanil, C. S. K., George, D., Freilich, L., Miljan, E. J., Mania-Farnell, B. J., McLone, D. G., and Bremer, E. G. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 49299-49309). Here we report that Pax3 directly regulates TGFbeta2(More)
The mechanism(s) behind folate rescue of neural tube closure are not well understood. In this study we show that maternal intake of folate prior to conception reverses the proliferation potential of neural crest stem cells in homozygous Splotch embryos (Sp(-/-)) via epigenetic mechanisms. It is also shown that the pattern of differentiation seen in these(More)