Barbara L. Lawson

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In conscious animals, respiratory frequency (f) and tidal volume (VT) vary breath to breath. Examining the average value of variables associated with specific bins of another variable, such as breath f, provides a unique tool to examine respiratory behaviour. In conscious Sprague-Dawley rats respiratory breath timing, tidal volume (VT) and drive (VT/TI)(More)
The Journal of Clinical Investigation | August 2003 | Volume 112 | Number 4 Introduction Asthma is a complex inflammatory disease that afflicts nearly 15 million Americans. Despite research advances, the worldwide prevalence, morbidity, and mortality of asthma have increased over the last two decades (1–3). In humans, the hallmark feature of allergic asthma(More)
Although chronic inhalation of endotoxin or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) causes all of the classic features of asthma, including airway hyperreactivity, airway inflammation, and airway remodeling, the mechanisms involved in this process are not clearly understood. The objective of this study was to determine whether intratracheal treatment with LPS antagonist(More)
Although chronic inhalation of endotoxin or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) causes all of the classic features of asthma, including airway hyperreactivity, airway inflammation, and airway remodeling, the mechanisms involved in this process are not clearly understood. The objective of this study was to determine whether intratracheal treatment with(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that is coordinated by Th2 cells in both human asthmatics and animal models of allergic asthma. Migration of Th2 cells to the lung is key to their inflammatory function and is regulated in large part by chemokine receptors, members of the seven-membrane-spanning receptor family. It has been reported(More)
Allergic asthma, a major cause of morbidity and leading cause of hospitalizations, is an inflammatory disease orchestrated by T helper cells and characterized by the lung migration of eosinophils, which are important asthma effector cells. Lung migration of inflammatory cells requires, among other events, the chemokine receptor transduction of lung-produced(More)
Surfactant protein A (SP-A) mediates innate immune cell responses to LPS, a cell wall component of gram-negative bacteria that is found ubiquitously in the environment and is associated with adverse health effects. Inhaled LPS induces lung inflammation and increases airway responsiveness (AR). However, the role of SP-A in mediating LPS-induced AR is not(More)
As a nondestructive method of historical and anthropologic inquiry, imaging has played an important role in mummy studies over the past several decades. Recent technologic advances have made multidetector computed tomography (CT) an especially useful means for deepening the present understanding of ancient cultures by examining preserved human remains. In(More)
Pneumadin is an antidiuretic decapeptide, recently isolated from rat and human lung. Bolus intravenous injection of 5 nmol of pneumadin into water-loaded rats caused a rapid and significant antidiuresis and a reduction in Na+ and Cl- excretion. Pneumadin administration did not alter mean arterial pressure, right atrial pressure, heart rate or haematocrit.(More)
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