Barbara L. Hoffman

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The p53 tumor suppressor gene product can induce apoptotic cell death through an unknown mechanism. Here we demonstrate that a temperature-sensitive p53 induces temperature-dependent decreases in the expression of the apoptosis-suppressing gene bcl-2 in the murine leukemia cell M1, while simultaneously stimulating increases in the expression of bax, a gene(More)
Towards dissecting the regulation of terminal differentiation, including growth arrest and apoptosis, myeloid differentiation primary response (MyD) genes, induced in the absence of de novo protein synthesis following induction of M1 myeloblastic leukemia cells for terminal differentiation have been isolated. MyD118 was one of the novel MyD genes cloned,(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-dependent apoptosis is important in the elimination of damaged or abnormal cells from normal tissues in vivo. In this report, we identify GADD45b as an effector of TGF-beta-induced apoptosis. GADD45b has been shown to be a positive mediator of apoptosis induced by certain cytokines and oncogenes. We show that(More)
Recently, both Bcl-2, which promotes cell survival, and Bax, which promotes cell death, have been implicated as major players in the control of apoptotic pathways, and it has been suggested that the ratio of Bcl-2 and Bax protein controls the relative susceptibility of cells to death stimuli. We have used M1 myeloid leukemia cells and genetically engineered(More)
The proto-oncogene c-myc has been shown to play a pivotal role in cell cycle regulation, metabolism, apoptosis, differentiation, cell adhesion, and tumorigenesis, and participates in regulating hematopoietic homeostasis. It is a transcription regulator that is part of an extensive network of interacting factors. Most probably, different biological responses(More)
Gadd45a (Gadd45), Gadd45b (MyD118), and Gadd45g (CR6) constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved, small, acidic, nuclear proteins, which have been implicated in terminal differentiation, growth suppression, and apoptosis. How Gadd45 proteins function in negative growth control is not fully understood. Recent evidence has implicated Gadd45a in(More)
MyD118 and Gadd45 are two related genes which encode for proteins that play important roles in negative growth control, including both growth suppression and apoptosis. A strategy was employed to clone new members of the MyD118 and Gadd45 family of genes. Based on alignment of the deduced amino acid sequences, one cDNA clone was found to encode for the(More)
GADD45, MyD118, and CR6 (also termed GADD45alpha, beta, and gamma) comprise a family of genes that encode for related proteins playing important roles in negative growth control, including growth suppression. Data accumulated suggest that MyD118/GADD45/CR6 serve similar but not identical functions along different apoptotic and growth suppressive pathways.(More)
c-MYC has a pivotal function in growth control, differentiation and apoptosis, and its abnormal expression is associated with many tumors. Overexpression of c-MYC sensitizes cells to apoptosis by a variety of stimuli. The decision of a cell to undergo apoptosis and how this apoptotic response is regulated by c-MYC depends on the specific cell type and the(More)
Gadd45 genes have been implicated in stress signaling in response to physiological or environmental stressors, which results in cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, cell survival and senescence, or apoptosis. Evidence accumulated implies that Gadd45 proteins function as stress sensors is mediated by a complex interplay of physical interactions with other cellular(More)