Barbara Kofler

Learn More
The Warburg effect describes the circumstance that tumor cells preferentially use glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation for energy production. It has been reported that this metabolic reconfiguration originates from a switch in the expression of alternative splice forms (PKM1 and PKM2) of the glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase (PK), which is also(More)
The galanin peptide family consists of the "parental" galanin, galanin-message-associated peptide (GMAP) which derives from the same peptide precursor gene product as galanin, galanin-like peptide (GALP) encoded by a different gene, and the recently discovered peptide alarin which is encoded by a splice variant of the GALP gene. The galanin receptor family(More)
Galanin was first identified 30 years ago as a "classic neuropeptide," with actions primarily as a modulator of neurotransmission in the brain and peripheral nervous system. Other structurally-related peptides-galanin-like peptide and alarin-with diverse biologic actions in brain and other tissues have since been identified, although, unlike galanin, their(More)
To elucidate the relationship between tumor genesis and the mitochondrial energy metabolism in renal neoplasms, we studied three individual enzyme activities of the oxidative phosphorylation, two components of the Krebs cycle and the mitochondrial DNA content of renal carcinomas including 29 conventional, five papillary, two unclassified carcinomas with(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disorder in childhood leading to a dramatic loss of muscle strength. Functional investigations with high-resolution polarography and enzyme measurements of the respiratory chain revealed lowered activities in muscle tissue of SMA patients. To gain a better understanding of this low energy supply we analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Posttraumatic shoulder dislocations with glenoid rim fractures show high rates of dislocation recurrence. For glenoid rim defects exceeding a certain size, several investigators recommend bone grafting. Few reports on anatomical glenoid reconstruction addressing this problem are published. HYPOTHESIS Anatomical glenoid reconstruction by the(More)
There is strong and consistent evidence that oxidative stress is crucially involved in the development of atherosclerotic vascular disease. Overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mitochondria is an unifying mechanism that underlies micro- and macrovascular atherosclerotic disease. Given the central role of mitochondria in energy and ROS(More)
BACKGROUND The pivotal role of mitochondria in energy production and free radical generation suggests that the mitochondrial genome could have an important influence on the expression of multifactorial age related diseases. Substitution of T to C at nucleotide position 16189 in the hypervariable D-loop of the control region (CR) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)(More)
PURPOSE Many solid tumors exhibit abnormal aerobic metabolism characterized by increased glycolytic capacity and decreased cellular respiration. Recently, mutations in the nuclear encoded mitochondrial enzymes fumarate hydratase and succinate dehydrogenase have been identified in certain tumor types, thus demonstrating a direct link between mitochondrial(More)
Recently we have shown that galanin binding significantly correlates with survival in neuroblastoma patients, indicating a possible modulatory role of galanin receptors in neuroblastic tumor biology. However, the molecular mechanisms beyond this correlation have not been elucidated. Here, the cellular effects on activation of specific galanin receptor(More)