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BACKGROUND First-line chemotherapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is usually limited to four to six cycles. Maintenance therapy can delay progression and prolong survival. The oral epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine-kinase inhibitor erlotinib has proven efficacy and tolerability in second-line NSCLC. We designed the phase 3,(More)
PURPOSE Approximately 50% of glioblastomas (GBMs) are characterized by overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and EGFR gene amplification. In approximately 25% of instances, constitutively activated EGFR mutants are present. These observations make EGFR-inhibiting drugs a logical approach for trials in recurrent GBM. PATIENTS AND(More)
PURPOSE To examine potential markers of clinical benefit and the effects of erlotinib on the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway in advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients refractory to platinum-based chemotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients were given erlotinib (150 mg/d). Tumor biopsies were done immediately before treatment(More)
Random gene tagging was used to obtain new mutants of the marine cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp. PCC7002, with defects in the CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM). Two of these mutants, K22 and A41, showed poor growth at limiting CO2. Isolation and sequencing of a 6. 6 kb genomic region revealed the existence of five potential protein-coding regions, all(More)
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a distinct subgroup of NSCLCs that is particularly responsive to EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs). A weighted pooled analysis of available studies was performed to evaluate clinical outcome in patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC who were treated with(More)
BACKGROUND This phase II, open-label, randomised study evaluated whether patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer receiving erlotinib/gemcitabine derived survival benefits from increasing the erlotinib dose. METHODS After a 4-week run-in period (gemcitabine 1000 mg m(-2) once weekly plus erlotinib 100 mg per day), patients with metastatic pancreatic(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of appropriate markers for predicting clinical benefit with erlotinib in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be able to guide patient selection for treatment. This open-label, multicentre, phase II trial aimed to identify genes with potential use as biomarkers for clinical benefit from erlotinib therapy. METHODS Adults with(More)
PURPOSE Blood-based circulating-free (cf) tumor DNA may be an alternative to tissue-based EGFR mutation testing in NSCLC. This exploratory analysis compares matched tumor and blood samples from the FASTACT-2 study. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients were randomized to receive six cycles of gemcitabine/platinum plus sequential erlotinib or placebo. EGFR mutation(More)
BACKGROUND Erlotinib, docetaxel, and pemetrexed are approved for the second-line treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but no head-to-head data from large clinical trials are available. We undertook the Tarceva In Treatment of Advanced NSCLC (TITAN) study to assess the efficacy and tolerability of second-line erlotinib versus chemotherapy in(More)
BACKGROUND A prospective, randomized phase II study, with mandatory tumor sampling at current disease stage, aimed to identify biomarkers predictive of improved progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with pancreatic cancer treated with erlotinib. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with histologically/cytologically confirmed, unresectable, locally(More)