Barbara Kandler

Learn More
Platelet-rich plasma is currently promoted to serve as an adjuvant for bone grafts to enhance quantity and quality of newly forming bone; however, the underlying cellular mechanisms are not fully understood. We show here that supernatants of leukocyte-depleted thrombin-activated platelets increase migration and proliferation, and decrease osteogenic(More)
Findings suggest that mesenchymal progenitor cells can support the process of blood vessel formation, which may be relevant during granulation tissue formation at defect sites. The aim of this study was to investigate possible mechanisms of the angiogenic process that can be stimulated by mesenchymal progenitor cells. In the in vivo-like model of the chick(More)
The aim of this in vitro study was to determine whether the sinus mucosa holds cells with an osteogenic potential. Frozen sections of sinus mucosa from three adult pigs were investigated for the expression of STRO-1, a marker of mesenchymal progenitor cells, and alkaline phosphatase activity, an enzyme expressed by cells committed to the osteogenic lineage(More)
AIM To examine the involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signalling on thrombin-stimulated human dental pulp fibroblasts (DPF). METHODOLOGY Dental pulp fibroblasts were isolated from dental pulp connective tissue of third molars and expanded in vitro. Expression of thrombin receptors was analysed by RT-PCR, and cell proliferation was(More)
Both bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and growth factors released from activated platelets both occur at sites of bone regeneration but their functional relationship to regulate the temporal and spatial sequence of cellular events is not well defined. Here we investigated whether supernatants derived from activated platelets can modulate the response of(More)
PURPOSE Osteogenic cells contribute to the process of osseointegration and graft consolidation. However, whether the cells survive low oxygen tension and maintain their responsiveness to natural and therapeutic growth and differentiation factors remains unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS To determine the effects of low oxygen tension on osteogenic cell(More)
Supernatants immediately obtained after platelet activation can induce osteoclast-like cell formation in murine bone marrow cultures. Here we report that activated platelets retain their potential to induce osteoclast-like cell formation over a 3-day period with repeated washing, when co-cultured with murine bone marrow cells. Supernatants obtained from(More)
Bone regeneration is initiated by the formation of a blood clot. Activated platelets within this fibrin-rich matrix release signaling molecules that can attract mesenchymal progenitor cells. To gain insight into the cellular mechanism by which activated platelets can support the immigration of mesenchymal progenitors, we have tested the hypothesis that(More)
Platelets induce osteoclastogenesis in total bone marrow cultures where hematopoietic cells can interact with stromal cells. Whether or not activated platelets directly act on hematopoietic cells to promote their differentiation into osteoclasts remains unknown. Here we report that platelet releasates (PRS) increase osteoclastogenesis in stroma-depleted,(More)
PURPOSE The osteogenic potential of a graft is based on the parallel lines ability of cells to survive transplantation and to respond to local factors that stimulate new bone formation. Here we investigated the potential of cells that had grown out of porcine cortical bone grafts obtained by 3 preparation techniques to respond to mitogenic and osteogenic(More)