Barbara K. Kemp-Harper

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ROS are a risk factor of several cardiovascular disorders and interfere with NO/soluble guanylyl cyclase/cyclic GMP (NO/sGC/cGMP) signaling through scavenging of NO and formation of the strong oxidant peroxynitrite. Increased oxidative stress affects the heme-containing NO receptor sGC by both decreasing its expression levels and impairing NO-induced(More)
Until recently, most of the biological effects of nitric oxide (NO) have been attributed to its uncharged state (NO*), yet NO can also exist in the reduced state as nitroxyl (HNO or NO(-)). Putatively generated from both NO synthase (NOS)-dependent and -independent sources, HNO is rapidly emerging as a novel entity with distinct pharmacology and therapeutic(More)
1. Under normal conditions, the endothelium plays a major role in the maintenance of vasodilatory tone via the production of endothelium-derived vasodilator agents, such as prostacyclin, nitric oxide and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). Inhibition of endothelium-dependent relaxation features prominently in a range of cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Nitroxyl (HNO) is emerging as an important regulator of vascular tone as it is potentially produced endogenously and dilates conduit and resistance arteries. This study investigates the contribution of endogenous HNO to endothelium-dependent relaxation and hyperpolarization in resistance arteries. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Rat and mouse(More)
Nitroxyl (HNO) displays pharmacological and therapeutic actions distinct from those of its redox sibling nitric oxide (NO(•)). It remains unclear, however, whether the vasoprotective actions of HNO are preserved in disease. The ability of the HNO donor isopropylamine NONOate (IPA/NO) to induce vasorelaxation, its susceptibility to tolerance development, and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the control of vascular tone. Traditionally, its vasorelaxant activity has been attributed to the free radical form of NO (NO*), yet the reduced form of NO (NO-) is also produced endogenously and is a potent vasodilator of large conduit arteries. The effects of NO- in the resistance vasculature remain unknown.(More)
Maintenance of vascular tone by the endothelium involves the production of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO). NO, produced from endothelial nitric oxide synthase diffuses to the underlying smooth muscle to stimulate soluble guanylate cyclase, resulting in increased cyclic GMP levels, and subsequent smooth muscle relaxation and blood vessel dilatation.(More)
The nitroxyl anion (HNO) is emerging as a novel regulator of cardiovascular function with therapeutic potential in the treatment of diseases such as heart failure. It remains unknown whether tolerance develops to HNO donors, a limitation of currently used nitrovasodilators. The susceptibility of the HNO donor, Angeli's salt (AS), to the development of(More)
Favaloro JL, Kemp-Harper BK. Redox variants of NO (NO and HNO) elicit vasorelaxation of resistance arteries via distinct mechanisms. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 296: H1274–H1280, 2009; doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00008.2009.—The free radical form of nitric oxide (NO ) is a well-known mediator of vascular tone. What is not so well recognized is that NO exists(More)
BACKGROUND New therapeutic targets for cardiac hypertrophy, an independent risk factor for heart failure and death, are essential. HNO is a novel redox sibling of NO• attracting considerable attention for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders, eliciting cGMP-dependent vasodilatation yet cGMP-independent positive inotropy. The impact of HNO on cardiac(More)