Learn More
Animal studies have shown that not only cortical, but also brainstem and cerebellar areas are involved in the initiation and generation of optokinetic nystagmus (OKN), e.g., cortico-(pretecto)pontine-olivo-cerebellar pathways. The aim of this fMRI study was to identify and differentiate brainstem and cerebellar areas involved in horizontal and vertical OKN(More)
Looking at a moving pattern induces optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) and activates an assembly of cortical areas in the visual cortex, including lateral occipitotemporal (motion-sensitive area MT/V5) and adjacent occipitoparietal areas as well as ocular motor areas such as the prefrontal cortex, frontal, supplementary, and parietal eye fields. The aim of this(More)
Relapse after initial first-line chemotherapy shows a poor prognosis in metastatic urothelial cancer. Currently, several chemotherapeutic agents and targeted drugs are under evaluation for platin-resistant advanced urothelial carcinoma. Vinflunine has been approved for second-line treatment in this indication. We present a patient with initial T4 advanced(More)
  • 1