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Catabolism dominates the first-pass intestinal metabolism of dietary essential amino acids in milk protein-fed piglets.
To investigate the extent of first-pass intestinal metabolism of dietary amino acids, seven female pigs (28 d old, 8.0 kg) were implanted with arterial, venous, portal and gastric catheters and withExpand
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Whole-body hypothermia for neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.
background Hypothermia is protective against brain injury after asphyxiation in animal models. However, the safety and effectiveness of hypothermia in term infants with encephalopathy is uncertain.Expand
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Prolonged Duration of Initial Empirical Antibiotic Treatment Is Associated With Increased Rates of Necrotizing Enterocolitis and Death for Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants
OBJECTIVES. Our objectives were to identify factors associated with the duration of the first antibiotic course initiated in the first 3 postnatal days and to assess associations between the durationExpand
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Glucagon-like peptide 2 function in domestic animals.
Glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) is a member of family of peptides derived from the proglucagon gene expressed in the intestines, pancreas and brain. Tissue-specific posttranslational processing ofExpand
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Intestinal glutamate metabolism.
Although it is well known that the intestinal tract has a high metabolic rate, the substrates that are used to generate the necessary energy remain poorly established, especially in fed animals.Expand
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Threonine utilization is high in the intestine of piglets.
The whole-body threonine requirement in parenterally fed piglets is substantially lower than that in enterally fed piglets, indicating that enteral nutrition induces intestinal processes in demand ofExpand
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Measuring splanchnic amino acid metabolism in vivo using stable isotopic tracers.
The splanchnic bed comprises the liver and the portal-drained viscera (PDV). The PDV, which include the stomach, intestines, pancreas, and spleen, represent 4 to 6% of BW, yet they account for 20 toExpand
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GLP-2 receptor localizes to enteric neurons and endocrine cells expressing vasoactive peptides and mediates increased blood flow.
BACKGROUND & AIMS Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is a nutrient-responsive hormone that exerts diverse actions in the gastrointestinal tract, including enhancing epithelial cell survival andExpand
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Key nutrients and growth factors for the neonatal gastrointestinal tract.
The nutritional support of gastrointestinal growth and function is an important consideration in the clinical care of neonatal infants. In most health infants, the provision of either breast milk orExpand
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Enterocyte digestive enzyme activity along the crypt-villus and longitudinal axes in the neonatal pig small intestine.
Our objective was to examine the distribution of enterocyte digestive enzyme activity along the crypt-villus and longitudinal axes of the small intestine in formula-fed neonatal pigs between the agesExpand
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