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Myc activity is emerging as a key element in acquisition and maintenance of stem cell properties. We have previously shown that c-Myc deficiency results in accumulation of defective hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) due to niche-dependent differentiation defects. Here we report that immature HSCs coexpress c-myc and N-myc mRNA at similar levels. Although(More)
Bone marrow endothelial cells (ECs) are essential for reconstitution of hematopoiesis, but their role in self-renewal of long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSCs) is unknown. We have developed angiogenic models to demonstrate that EC-derived angiocrine growth factors support in vitro self-renewal and in vivo repopulation of authentic LT-HSCs. In(More)
Although significant advances have been made over the last decade with respect to our understanding of stem cell biology, progress has been limited in the development of successful techniques for clinically significant ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. We here describe the effect of Notch ligand density on induction of Notch(More)
SIRT1 is an NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase implicated in the establishment of the primitive hematopoietic system during mouse embryonic development. However, investigation of the role of SIRT1 in adult hematopoiesis has been complicated by the high perinatal mortality of SIRT1-deficient mice (SIRT1(-/-)). We performed a comprehensive in vivo study of(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells give rise to progeny that either self-renew in an undifferentiated state or lose self-renewal capabilities and commit to lymphoid or myeloid lineages. Here we evaluated whether hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal is affected by the Notch pathway. Notch signaling controls cell fate choices in both invertebrates and vertebrates by(More)
We examined the expression of two members of the Notch family, Notch-1 and Notch-2, and one Notch ligand, Jagged-1, in hematopoietic cells. Both Notch-1 and Notch-2 were detected in murine marrow precursors (Lin-Sca-1+c-kit+). The Notch ligand, Jagged-1, was not detected in whole marrow or in precursors. However, Jagged-1 was seen in cultured primary murine(More)
Cell-cell interactions mediated by Notch and its ligands are known to effect many cell fate decisions in both invertebrates and vertebrates. However, the mechanisms involved in ligand induced Notch activation are unknown. Recently it was shown that, in at least some cases, endocytosis of the extracellular domain of Notch and ligand by the signaling cell is(More)
The Notch pathway is a widely utilized, evolutionarily conserved regulatory system that plays a central role in the fate decisions of multipotent precursor cells. Notch often acts by inhibiting differentiation along a particular pathway while permitting or promoting self-renewal or differentiation along alternative pathways. Haematopoietic cells and stromal(More)
We investigated whether combined signaling induced by engineered Notch ligands and hematopoietic growth factors influences hematopoietic stem-cell differentiation. We show that incubation of murine marrow precursors with Delta1(ext-IgG), a Notch ligand consisting of the Delta1 extracellular domain fused to the Fc portion of human immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1),(More)
We investigated the effect of Notch signaling, a known regulator of cell fate in numerous developmental systems, on human hematopoietic precursors. We show that activation of endogenous Notch signaling in human CD34(+)CD38(-) cord blood precursors with immobilized Delta-1 in serum-free cultures containing fibronectin and hematopoietic growth factors(More)