Barbara J Varnum-Finney

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Bone marrow endothelial cells (ECs) are essential for reconstitution of hematopoiesis, but their role in self-renewal of long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSCs) is unknown. We have developed angiogenic models to demonstrate that EC-derived angiocrine growth factors support in vitro self-renewal and in vivo repopulation of authentic LT-HSCs. In(More)
Cell-cell interactions mediated by Notch and its ligands are known to effect many cell fate decisions in both invertebrates and vertebrates. However, the mechanisms involved in ligand induced Notch activation are unknown. Recently it was shown that, in at least some cases, endocytosis of the extracellular domain of Notch and ligand by the signaling cell is(More)
Although significant advances have been made over the last decade with respect to our understanding of stem cell biology, progress has been limited in the development of successful techniques for clinically significant ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. We here describe the effect of Notch ligand density on induction of Notch(More)
This paper identifies a neuronal receptor for tenascin-C (tenascin/cytotactin), an extracellular matrix protein that has previously been detected in developing sensory and motor neuron pathways and has been shown to regulate cell migration in the developing CNS. Antibodies specific for each subunit of the integrin alpha 8 beta 1 are used to demonstrate that(More)
Amebae of Dictyostelium discoideum normally chemotax to aggregation centers by assessing the direction of outwardly moving, nondissipating waves of the chemoattractant cAMP. However, D. discoideum amebae can also assess the direction of a relatively stable spatial gradient. We demonstrate that amebae migrating towards the "source" of a stable, spatial(More)
In an aggregation territory of Dictyostelium discoideum, outwardly moving, nondissipating waves of the chemoattractant cAMP sweep across each ameba. At the front of each wave, an ameba experiences an increasing temporal and a positive spatial gradient of cAMP. At the back of a wave, an ameba experiences a decreasing temporal and a negative spatial gradient(More)
We examined the expression of two members of the Notch family, Notch-1 and Notch-2, and one Notch ligand, Jagged-1, in hematopoietic cells. Both Notch-1 and Notch-2 were detected in murine marrow precursors (Lin-Sca-1+c-kit+). The Notch ligand, Jagged-1, was not detected in whole marrow or in precursors. However, Jagged-1 was seen in cultured primary murine(More)
Myc activity is emerging as a key element in acquisition and maintenance of stem cell properties. We have previously shown that c-Myc deficiency results in accumulation of defective hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) due to niche-dependent differentiation defects. Here we report that immature HSCs coexpress c-myc and N-myc mRNA at similar levels. Although(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells give rise to progeny that either self-renew in an undifferentiated state or lose self-renewal capabilities and commit to lymphoid or myeloid lineages. Here we evaluated whether hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal is affected by the Notch pathway. Notch signaling controls cell fate choices in both invertebrates and vertebrates by(More)
The Notch pathway is a widely utilized, evolutionarily conserved regulatory system that plays a central role in the fate decisions of multipotent precursor cells. Notch often acts by inhibiting differentiation along a particular pathway while permitting or promoting self-renewal or differentiation along alternative pathways. Haematopoietic cells and stromal(More)