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Lipid kinases and their phosphorylated products are important regulators of many cellular processes, including intracellular membrane traffic. The best example of this is provided by the class III phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI-3K), Vps34p, which is required for correct targeting of newly synthesized carboxypeptidase Y to the yeast vacuole. A probable(More)
We recently described a homozygous frameshift mutation in the human leptin (ob) gene associated with undetectable serum leptin and extreme obesity in two individuals. This represented the first identified genetic cause of morbid obesity in humans. Preliminary data suggested a defect in the secretion of this truncated (delta133) mutant leptin. In the present(More)
During infection, the intracellular pathogenic bacterium Legionella pneumophila causes an extensive remodeling of host membrane trafficking pathways, both in the construction of a replication-competent vacuole comprised of ER-derived vesicles and plasma membrane components, and in the inhibition of normal phagosome:endosome/lysosome fusion pathways. Here,(More)
The macrocyclic lactones (MLs) are one of the few classes of drug used in the control of the human filarial infections, onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis, and the only one used to prevent heartworm disease in dogs and cats. Despite their importance in preventing filarial diseases, the way in which the MLs work against these parasites is unclear. In(More)
TRP (transient receptor potential) cationic channels are key molecules that are involved in a variety of diverse biological processes ranging from fertility to osmosensation and nociception. Increasing our knowledge of these channels will help us to understand a range of physiological and pathogenic processes, as well as highlighting potential therapeutic(More)
The levamisole-sensitive nicotinic acetylcholine receptor present at nematode neuromuscular junctions is composed of multiple different subunits, with the exact composition varying between species. We tested the ability of two well-conserved nicotinic receptor subunits, UNC-38 and UNC-29, from Haemonchus contortus and Ascaris suum to rescue the(More)
The treatment of GH4C1 cells, a prolactin-producing rat anterior pituitary cell line, with estradiol (1 nM), insulin (300 nM) and epidermal growth factor (10 nM) has been previously shown to substantially increase both the intracellular level of prolactin, as well as the number of secretory granules. In this study, we examined the effect of this treatment(More)
Dynamic, cholesterol-dense regions of the plasma membrane, known as lipid rafts (LR), have been observed to develop during and may be directly involved in infection of host cells by various pathogens. This study focuses on LR aggregation induced in alveolar epithelial cells during infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) bacilli. We report dose- and(More)
BACKGROUND Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori infect over 100 million people worldwide and are the causative agents of lymphatic filariasis. Some parasite carriers are amicrofilaremic whilst others facilitate mosquito-based disease transmission through blood-circulating microfilariae (Mf). Recent findings, obtained largely from animal(More)
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