Barbara J. Reaves

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TGN38 and TGN41 are isoforms of an integral membrane protein (TGN38/41) that is predominantly localized to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) of normal rat kidney cells. Polyclonal antisera to TGN38/41 have been used to monitor its appearance at, and removal from, the surface of control and Brefeldin A (BFA)-treated cells. Antibodies that recognize the lumenal(More)
Brefeldin A (BFA) has a dramatic effect on the morphology of the Golgi apparatus and induces a rapid redistribution of Golgi proteins into the ER (Lippincott-Schwartz, J., L. C. Yuan, J. S. Bonifacino, and R. D. Klausner. 1989. Cell. 56:801-813). To date, no evidence that BFA affects the morphology of the trans-Golgi network (TGN) has been presented. We(More)
TGN38 is an integral membrane protein previously shown to be predominantly localized to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) of cells by virtue of a signal contained within its cytoplasmic 'tail' [Luzio, Brake, Banting, Howell, Braghetta & Stanley (1990) Biochem. J. 270, 97-102]. We now (i) describe the isolation of cDNA clones encoding an isoform of TGN38, (ii)(More)
TGN38/41 is an integral membrane protein which recycles between the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and the cell surface but is predominantly located in the TGN of rat (NRK) cells at steady state. As part of our studies on the mechanism and route of recycling between the TGN and the cell surface we have used chloroquine or Bafilomycin A1 to modulate the lumenal(More)
We recently described a homozygous frameshift mutation in the human leptin (ob) gene associated with undetectable serum leptin and extreme obesity in two individuals. This represented the first identified genetic cause of morbid obesity in humans. Preliminary data suggested a defect in the secretion of this truncated (delta133) mutant leptin. In the present(More)
During infection, the intracellular pathogenic bacterium Legionella pneumophila causes an extensive remodeling of host membrane trafficking pathways, both in the construction of a replication-competent vacuole comprised of ER-derived vesicles and plasma membrane components, and in the inhibition of normal phagosome:endosome/lysosome fusion pathways. Here,(More)
The levamisole-sensitive nicotinic acetylcholine receptor present at nematode neuromuscular junctions is composed of multiple different subunits, with the exact composition varying between species. We tested the ability of two well-conserved nicotinic receptor subunits, UNC-38 and UNC-29, from Haemonchus contortus and Ascaris suum to rescue the(More)
Dynamic, cholesterol-dense regions of the plasma membrane, known as lipid rafts (LR), have been observed to develop during and may be directly involved in infection of host cells by various pathogens. This study focuses on LR aggregation induced in alveolar epithelial cells during infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) bacilli. We report dose- and(More)
TRP (transient receptor potential) cationic channels are key molecules that are involved in a variety of diverse biological processes ranging from fertility to osmosensation and nociception. Increasing our knowledge of these channels will help us to understand a range of physiological and pathogenic processes, as well as highlighting potential therapeutic(More)