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Addition of wortmannin to normal rat kidney cells caused a redistribution of the lysosomal type I integral membrane proteins Igp110 and Igp120 to a swollen vacuolar compartment. This compartment did not contain the cation independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor and was depleted in acid hydrolases. It was distinct from another swollen vacuolar compartment(More)
Electron microscopy was used to evaluate the function and formation of dense core lysosomes. Lysosomes were preloaded with bovine serum albumin (BSA)-gold conjugates by fluid phase endocytosis using a pulse-chase protocol. The gold particles present in dense core lysosomes and late endosomes were flocculated, consistent with proteolytic degradation of the(More)
TGN38 and TGN41 are isoforms of an integral membrane protein (TGN38/41) that is predominantly localized to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) of normal rat kidney cells. Polyclonal antisera to TGN38/41 have been used to monitor its appearance at, and removal from, the surface of control and Brefeldin A (BFA)-treated cells. Antibodies that recognize the lumenal(More)
Brefeldin A (BFA) has a dramatic effect on the morphology of the Golgi apparatus and induces a rapid redistribution of Golgi proteins into the ER (Lippincott-Schwartz, J., L. C. Yuan, J. S. Bonifacino, and R. D. Klausner. 1989. Cell. 56:801-813). To date, no evidence that BFA affects the morphology of the trans-Golgi network (TGN) has been presented. We(More)
CD63 is a lysosomal membrane protein that belongs to the tetraspanin family. Its carboxyterminal cytoplasmic tail sequence contains the lysosomal targeting motif GYEVM. Strong, tyrosine-dependent interaction of the wild-type carboxyterminal tail of CD63 with the AP-3 adaptor subunit mu 3 was observed using a yeast two-hybrid system. The strength of(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI 3-kinases) and their 3-phosphoinositide products were identified initially as components of intracellular signalling pathways emanating from cell surface receptors. A new role for 3-phosphoinositides in the constitutive movement o f proteins from one intracellular compartment to another was proposed with the discovery of(More)
Previous studies have shown that when the cytosolic domains of the type I membrane proteins TGN38 and lysosomal glycoprotein 120 (lgp120) are added to a variety of reporter molecules, the resultant chimeric molecules are localized to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and to lysosomes, respectively. In the present study we expressed chimeric constructs of rat(More)
TGN38 is an integral membrane protein previously shown to be predominantly localized to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) of cells by virtue of a signal contained within its cytoplasmic 'tail' [Luzio, Brake, Banting, Howell, Braghetta & Stanley (1990) Biochem. J. 270, 97-102]. We now (i) describe the isolation of cDNA clones encoding an isoform of TGN38, (ii)(More)
Lipid kinases and their phosphorylated products are important regulators of many cellular processes, including intracellular membrane traffic. The best example of this is provided by the class III phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI-3K), Vps34p, which is required for correct targeting of newly synthesized carboxypeptidase Y to the yeast vacuole. A probable(More)
TGN38/41 is an integral membrane protein predominantly located in the trans Golgi network (TGN) of rat (NRK) cells. We have used a cDNA expression system to map the epitopes recognised by a panel of antibodies raised to TGN38/41 as a preliminary step in the accurate identification of the region(s) of the molecule responsible for its correct intracellular(More)