Barbara J. Reaves

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Electron microscopy was used to evaluate the function and formation of dense core lysosomes. Lysosomes were preloaded with bovine serum albumin (BSA)-gold conjugates by fluid phase endocytosis using a pulse-chase protocol. The gold particles present in dense core lysosomes and late endosomes were flocculated, consistent with proteolytic degradation of the(More)
TGN38 and TGN41 are isoforms of an integral membrane protein (TGN38/41) that is predominantly localized to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) of normal rat kidney cells. Polyclonal antisera to TGN38/41 have been used to monitor its appearance at, and removal from, the surface of control and Brefeldin A (BFA)-treated cells. Antibodies that recognize the lumenal(More)
Addition of wortmannin to normal rat kidney cells caused a redistribution of the lysosomal type I integral membrane proteins Igp110 and Igp120 to a swollen vacuolar compartment. This compartment did not contain the cation independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor and was depleted in acid hydrolases. It was distinct from another swollen vacuolar compartment(More)
Brefeldin A (BFA) has a dramatic effect on the morphology of the Golgi apparatus and induces a rapid redistribution of Golgi proteins into the ER (Lippincott-Schwartz, J., L. C. Yuan, J. S. Bonifacino, and R. D. Klausner. 1989. Cell. 56:801-813). To date, no evidence that BFA affects the morphology of the trans-Golgi network (TGN) has been presented. We(More)
CD63 is a lysosomal membrane protein that belongs to the tetraspanin family. Its carboxyterminal cytoplasmic tail sequence contains the lysosomal targeting motif GYEVM. Strong, tyrosine-dependent interaction of the wild-type carboxyterminal tail of CD63 with the AP-3 adaptor subunit mu 3 was observed using a yeast two-hybrid system. The strength of(More)
Lipid kinases and their phosphorylated products are important regulators of many cellular processes, including intracellular membrane traffic. The best example of this is provided by the class III phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI-3K), Vps34p, which is required for correct targeting of newly synthesized carboxypeptidase Y to the yeast vacuole. A probable(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI 3-kinases) and their 3-phosphoinositide products were identified initially as components of intracellular signalling pathways emanating from cell surface receptors. A new role for 3-phosphoinositides in the constitutive movement o f proteins from one intracellular compartment to another was proposed with the discovery of(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate is a membrane lipid found in all eukaryotes so far studied but downstream effector proteins of this lipid have yet to be identified. Here we report the use of cDNA phage libraries in conjunction with synthetic biotinylated derivatives of phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate in the identification of a mammalian(More)
The exposure of isolated adipocytes to insulin results in an approximately 20-fold increase in the rate of glucose transport into the cell. This increase is mediated by the movement of a pool of intracellular vesicles containing the so-called insulin-responsive glucose transporter (GLUT4) to the cell surface. In the resting state, most of the GLUT4(More)
TGN38/41 is an integral membrane protein which recycles between the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and the cell surface but is predominantly located in the TGN of rat (NRK) cells at steady state. As part of our studies on the mechanism and route of recycling between the TGN and the cell surface we have used chloroquine or Bafilomycin A1 to modulate the lumenal(More)