Barbara J. Morgan

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Sleep-induced apnea and disordered breathing refers to intermittent, cyclical cessations or reductions of airflow, with or without obstructions of the upper airway (OSA). In the presence of an anatomically compromised, collapsible airway, the sleep-induced loss of compensatory tonic input to the upper airway dilator muscle motor neurons leads to collapse of(More)
1. We recently showed that fatigue of the inspiratory muscles via voluntary efforts caused a time-dependent increase in limb muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) (St Croix et al. 2000). We now asked whether limb muscle vasoconstriction and reduction in limb blood flow also accompany inspiratory muscle fatigue. 2. In six healthy human subjects at rest,(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical observations have linked sleep-disordered breathing, a condition of repeated apneas and hypopneas during sleep, with hypertension but evidence for an independent association has been lacking. Understanding this relationship is important because the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing is high in adults. OBJECTIVE To test the(More)
Previous studies have shown that the kinetics of heart rate (HR) recovery are delayed in older individuals after exercise. This study was designed to determine whether this observation held when the variables of physical fitness and work intensity were controlled. Twenty male subjects were categorized into four groups (n = 5) according to age and fitness(More)
Although intravenous cyclosporine A (CsA) previously has been shown to cause a robust sympathetically mediated increase in blood pressure in the rat, the underlying mechanism by which CsA increases the activity of the sympathetic nervous system is unknown. To determine the relative contributions of central neural versus peripheral reflex mechanisms in(More)
We hypothesized that contractions of the expiratory muscles carried out to the point of task failure would cause an increase in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). We measured MSNA directly in six healthy men during resisted expiration (60% maximal expiratory pressure) leading to task failure with long [breathing frequency (f(b)) = 15 breaths/min;(More)
RATIONALE Cerebrovascular reactivity to CO(2) provides an important counterregulatory mechanism that serves to minimize the change in H(+) at the central chemoreceptor, thereby stabilizing the breathing pattern in the face of perturbations in Pa(CO(2)). However, there are no studies relating cerebral circulation abnormality to the presence or absence of(More)
The relative importance of CO2 and sympathetic stimulation in the regulation of cerebral and peripheral vasculatures has not been previously studied in humans. We investigated the effect of sympathetic activation, produced by isometric handgrip (HG) exercise, on cerebral and femoral vasculatures during periods of isocapnia and hypercapnia. In 14 healthy(More)
The relative contributions of hypoxia and hypercapnia in causing persistent sympathoexcitation after exposure to the combined stimuli were assessed in nine healthy human subjects during wakefulness. Subjects were exposed to 20 min of isocapnic hypoxia (arterial O(2) saturation, 77-87%) and 20 min of normoxic hypercapnia (end-tidal P(CO)(2), +5.3-8.6 Torr(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is a frequent complication of cyclosporine-induced immunosuppression, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. In anesthetized animals, the administration of cyclosporine increases sympathetic-nerve discharge, which may contribute to hypertension. METHODS To determine whether cyclosporine-induced hypertension is accompanied by(More)