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A representation and interpretation of the area under a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve obtained by the "rating" method, or by mathematical predictions based on patient characteristics, is presented. It is shown that in such a setting the area represents the probability that a randomly chosen diseased subject is (correctly) rated or ranked(More)
Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves are used to describe and compare the performance of diagnostic technology and diagnostic algorithms. This paper refines the statistical comparison of the areas under two ROC curves derived from the same set of patients by taking into account the correlation between the areas that is induced by the paired nature(More)
Correlates of physicians' liking for their patients were examined among 17 internists at a health maintenance organization and 530 of their patients 70 years of age and older. Analyses were conducted for the entire sample as well as for individual physicians, whose results were combined by meta-analysis. Both kinds of analysis showed that patients were more(More)
In the 21st century, diseases will be diagnosed and treated using increasingly less invasive, more sophisticated imaging and image-guided procedures. During the past 100 years, the field of biomedical imaging has developed from Roentgen's original discovery of the x-ray to the imaging tools of today, such as magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography,(More)
BACKGROUND Some have the opinion that patients cared for in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) hospitals receive care of poorer quality than those cared for in non-VHA institutions. To assess the quality of care in VHA hospitals, we compared the outcome of acute myocardial infarction among patients in VHA and non-VHA institutions while controlling for(More)
An online survey of deans/directors of 266 baccalaureate and higher nursing programs in the U.S. was developed by informatics expert nurses. Participants (1) identified nursing informatics (NI) competencies and knowledge of undergraduate and/or graduate students in their nursing programs; (2) determined faculty preparedness to teach NI and to use(More)
Assignment Potential (AP) is a performance measure of a diagnostic test, characterizing the chance that, as a consequence of performing the test, the probability of disease will exceed a decision threshold, thereby permitting a management action to be taken. Another performance measure, Assignment Strength (AS) characterizes the average extent to which a(More)
BACKGROUND There is concern that care provided in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) may be of poorer quality than non-VA health care. We compared use of medications after acute myocardial infarction in the VA with that in non-VA healthcare settings under fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare financing. METHODS AND RESULTS We used clinical data from 2486 VA(More)
This exploratory study examined the extent to which factors beyond characteristics of the patient, such as discharging hospital attributes and State factors, contributed to variations in post-acute services use (PASU) in a cohort of elderly Medicare patients following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Thirty-seven percent of this cohort received PAS within(More)
OBJECTIVE Government funders of biomedical research are under increasing pressure to demonstrate societal benefits of their investments. A number of published studies attempted to correlate research funding levels with the societal burden for various diseases, with mixed results. We examined whether research funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)(More)