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  • G. E. McVeigh, G. M. Brennan, +5 authors J. R. Hayes
  • 1992
The endothelium plays a pivotal role in modulating the reactivity of vascular smooth muscle through the formation of several vasoactive substances. We examined the effects of endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilators on forearm blood flow in 29 patients with Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and in 21 control subjects, using venous(More)
The potency of neuropeptide Y (NPY) to cause negative and positive contractile responses in rat ventricular cardiomyocytes was investigated. In these cells, NPY was found to activate the transient outward K+ current (Ito) and the slow inward Ca2+ current (Isi). As reported before (H. M. Piper, B. C. Millar, and J. R. McDermott, Naunyn Schmiedeberg's Arch.(More)
Comprehensive pharmacokinetic studies could realise a greater potential for the antitumour agent triethylenethiophosphoramide (ThioTEPA), and these would be aided by the development of a selective and sensitive assay. After extraction of ThioTEPA and its metabolite, triethylenephosphoramide (TEPA), from plasma using Sep-Pak C18 cartridges, the compounds(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare enalapril 20 mg once daily with 10 mg twice daily in terms of blood pressure reduction and patient compliance. DESIGN Cross-over study of patients randomly assigned to a sequence of enalapril 20 mg once daily or 10 mg twice daily in three 4-week periods following a 4-week placebo run-in. SETTING General practices in the greater(More)
Hypertension-induced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), along with ischemic heart disease, result in LV remodeling as part of a continuum that often leads to congestive heart failure. The neurohormonal model has been used to underpin many treatment strategies, but optimal outcomes have not been achieved. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has emerged as an additional(More)
Plasma concentrations of 5-fluorouracil (FU) and its primary catabolite, 5′, 6′-dihydro-5-fluorouracil (DHFU) were measured using gas-liquid chromatography after single-dose therapy with 7.2–14.4 mg/kg. Because of the limited sensitivity of the assay for drug levels in plasma, the urinary excretion of FU and metabolites was investigated using an(More)
The aim of this study was to confirm the existence of and identify the receptor subtypes for neuropeptide Y that are present post-junctionally in myocardium. The effects of the selective agonists, [Leu31, Pro34] neuropeptide Y (neuropeptide Y Y1 receptors), neuropeptide Y-(13-36) and peptide YY-(3-36) (neuropeptide Y Y2 receptors), and neuropeptide Y and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis is associated with hypertension, myocardial oxidative stress and hypertrophic remodeling. Up-regulation of the cardiomyocyte adrenomedullin (AM) / intermedin (IMD) receptor signaling cascade is also apparent in NO-deficient cardiomyocytes: augmented expression of AM and receptor activity modifying(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the structural, mechanical and electrophysiological changes associated with chronic administration of epirubicin (Pharmorubicin), which is a cardiotoxic anthracycline antibiotic used in conventional cancer chemotherapy. New Zealand white rabbits (8 weeks) were treated with twice-weekly infusions of epirubicin (2(More)