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Doxorubicin is a highly effective cancer treatment whose use is severely limited by dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. It is well established that doxorubicin increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. In this study, we investigated contributions to doxorubicin cardiotoxicity from Nox2 NADPH oxidase, an important ROS source in cardiac cells, which is(More)
The hypothesis that endothelin (ET) receptor mechanisms are altered during development and progression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in vivo was tested using spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Ventricular cardiomyocytes were isolated from SHRs before onset (8 and 12 wk) and during progression (16, 20, and 24 wk) of LVH and compared with(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an insulin-releasing hormone clinically exploited for glycaemic control in diabetes, which also confers acute cardioprotection and benefits in experimental/clinical heart failure. We specifically investigated the role of the GLP-1 mimetic, exendin-4, in post-myocardial infarction (MI) remodelling, which is a key(More)
In addition to its' established metabolic and cardioprotective effects, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) reduces post-infarction heart failure via preferential actions on the extracellular matrix (ECM). Here, we investigated whether the GLP-1 mimetic, exendin-4, modulates cardiac remodelling in experimental diabetes by specifically targeting inflammatory/ECM(More)
Adrenomedullin may provide a compensatory mechanism to attenuate left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Nitric oxide synthase inhibition, induced by chronic administration of N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) to rats, induces cardiac hypertrophy in some, but not all cases; there are few reports of direct assessment of cardiomyocyte parameters.(More)
To determine whether neuropeptide Y (NPY)-related mechanisms become activated with progression of cardiac hypertrophy in vivo, protein mass and de novo protein synthesis (incorporation of [(14)C]Phe, 0.1 muCi ml(-1)) were assessed in cardiomyocytes, obtained from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (8, 12, 16, 20, and(More)
BACKGROUND Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) therapies are routinely used for glycaemic control in diabetes and their emerging cardiovascular actions have been a major recent research focus. In addition to GLP-1 receptor activation, the metabolically-inactive breakdown product, GLP-1(9-36)amide, also appears to exert notable cardiovascular effects, including(More)
Doxorubicin is a highly effective cancer treatment whose use is severely limited by dose-dependent cardi-otoxicity. It is well established that doxorubicin increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. In this study, we investigated contributions to doxorubicin cardiotoxicity from Nox2 NADPH oxidase, an important ROS source in cardiac cells, which is(More)