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Most neuropharmacological agents and many drugs of abuse modulate the activity of heptahelical G-protein-coupled receptors. Although the effects of these ligands result from changes in cellular signaling, their neurobehavioral activity may not correlate with results of in vitro signal transduction assays. 5-Hydroxytryptamine 2A receptor (5-HT2AR) partial(More)
A conserved helix 2 Asp is required for the proper function of many G-protein-coupled receptors. To reveal the structural basis for the role of this residue, the additive effects of mutations at this locus and at a conserved helix 7 locus were investigated in the 5-HT2A receptor. All mutant receptors studied retained high affinity agonist and antagonist(More)
We compared the accuracy of microarray measurements obtained with oligonucleotide arrays (GeneChip, Affymetrix) with a laboratory-developed cDNA array by assaying test RNA samples from an experiment using a paradigm known to regulate many genes measured on both arrays. We selected 47 genes represented on both arrays, including both known regulated and(More)
Like other amine neurotransmitters that activate G-protein-coupled receptors, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) binds to the 5-HT2A receptor through the interaction of its cationic primary amino group with the conserved Asp3.32(155) in transmembrane helix 3. Computational experiments with a 5-HT2A receptor model suggest that the same functional group of(More)
An important determinant of the neurobehavioral responses induced by a drug is its relative receptor selectivity. The molecular basis of ligand selectivity of hallucinogenic and nonhallucinogenic compounds of varying structural classes for the human 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)2A and 5-HT2C receptors was investigated with the use of reciprocal site-directed(More)
An early gene cDNA microarray was developed to study genes that are regulated immediately following gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor activation. 956 selected candidate genes were printed in triplicate, a t statistic-based regulation algorithm was used for data analysis, and the response to GnRH in a time course from 1 to 6 h was determined.(More)
Studies in many rhodopsin-like G-protein-coupled receptors are providing a general scheme of the structural processes underlying receptor activation. Microdomains in several receptors have been identified that appear to function as activation switches. However, evidence is emerging that these receptor proteins exist in multiple conformational states. To(More)
The effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)2A receptor activation on cAMP formation were studied in a cell line derived from embryonic rat cortex (A1A1). 5-HT (EC50 = 0.87 microM) amplified the amount of cAMP formed in response to 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (an adenosine A2 receptor agonist), cholera toxin, and forskolin after 15 min of coincubation in(More)
Both antibodies and T cells contribute to immunity against influenza virus infection. However, the generation of strong Th1 immunity is crucial for viral clearance. Interestingly, we found that human dendritic cells (DCs) infected with influenza A virus have lower allospecific Th1-cell stimulatory abilities than DCs activated by other stimuli, such as(More)