Barbara J. Boucher

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OBJECTIVE Accumulating epidemiological evidence suggests that hypovitaminosis D may be associated with type 2 diabetes and related metabolic risks. However, prospective data using the biomarker serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] are limited and therefore examined in the present study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 524 randomly selected(More)
Oral cancer is the second most common cancer in women and the third most common in men in Pakistan. Tobacco is smoked and chewed extensively in Pakistan. Paan is a quid of piper betel leaf that contains areca nut, lime, condiment, sweeteners, and sometimes tobacco, which is also used extensively. We did this study to clarify the independent association of(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Vitamin D is required for bone growth and normal insulin secretion. Maternal hypovitaminosis D may impair fetal growth and increase the risk of gestational diabetes. We have related maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy to maternal and newborn glucose and insulin concentrations, and newborn size, in a South Indian population. (More)
Vitamin D has important immunomodulatory properties and prevents development of diabetes mellitus in an animal model of insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM). We have studied the vitamin D receptor locus as a candidate for genetic susceptibility to IDDM in Southern Indian families. We found evidence for an association of one particular vitamin D receptor allele(More)
BACKGROUND Betel-quid chewing, an established risk factor for oropharyngeal malignancy, is associated with hyperglycemia and obesity. Associations with other characteristics of the metabolic syndrome have not been reported. OBJECTIVE This study examined associations between betel-quid chewing and the metabolic syndrome, allowing for recognized risk(More)
The aim of this study was to assess whether the diabetogenicity of areca nut (Areca catechu or ‘betel-nut’), which has previously been demonstrated experimentally in mice, independently contributes to the risk of hyperglycaemia or Type 2 diabetes in men in Taiwan, where the habit has become established relatively recently. We used data from a(More)
BACKGROUND Betel-quid chewing, a recognized risk factor for oral cancer, was shown to be a contributory cause of metabolic syndrome in humans, which implies a greater likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) among those with the betel habit. OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effect of betel chewing on the risk of developing overt CVD. (More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin-D deficiency and vitamin-D receptor genotype (VDR) are risk factors for several disorders with inflammatory components, including coronary heart disease (CHD) and diabetes, though the mechanisms involved are unclear. AIM To examine the hypothesis that vitamin D status modulates the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) system in a population(More)
Environmental factors are important in the aetiology of glucose intolerance, type II diabetes and IHD. The lack of vitamin D, which is necessary for adequate insulin secretion, relates demographically to increased risk of myocardial infarction. These disorders are connected, degenerative vascular disease increasing with glucose intolerance and diabetes and,(More)