Barbara J. Bormann

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The receptor tyrosine kinase encoded by the neu/erbB-2 proto-oncogene is constitutively activated by a single valine to glutamic acid substitution at position 664 in the predicted membrane-spanning sequence of the receptor. We have explored the structural changes involved in receptor activation with polarized FTIR and magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy.(More)
Specific side-by-side interactions between transmembrane alpha-helices may be important in the assembly and function of integral membrane proteins. We describe a system for the genetic and biophysical analysis of these interactions. The transmembrane alpha-helical domain of interest is fused to the C-terminus of staphylococcal nuclease. The resulting(More)
In solution, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) exhibits extremely low affinity for its receptor, LFA-1, as direct binding to LFA-1 has not been reported. Furthermore, there are conflicting reports on the ability of ICAM-1 in solution to inhibit cell adhesion events. These differences could be due to the valency or an oligomeric native biochemical(More)
Rotational resonance (RR) NMR, circular dichroism (CD), and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy are used to establish the secondary structure and orientation of peptides corresponding to the transmembrane domain of human glycophorin A in dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine bilayers. An amide I vibrational frequency of(More)
The neu proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase (p185) that is closely related to the epidermal growth factor receptor. It has been proposed that receptor tyrosine kinases are activated through oligomerization. Because this clustering model predicts that oligomerization of receptors is sufficient to activate them, we determined if p185 can be(More)
The neu proto-oncogene encodes a protein highly homologous to the epidermal growth factor receptor. The neu protein (p185) has a molecular weight of 185,000 Daltons and, like the EGF receptor, possesses tyrosine kinase activity. neu is activated in chemically induced rat neuro/glioblastomas by substitution of valine 664 with glutamic acid within the(More)
The composition of the intramembranous domains of many receptors are remarkably uniform, yet there is evidence that many transmembrane proteins associate together to form specific noncovalent homo- or heterocomplexes within the membrane. We have synthesized peptides corresponding to transmembrane domains of glycophorin A, glycophorin C, and the interleukin(More)
LFA-1 (CD18,CD11a) is a cell-adhesion molecule that mediates critical immunological processes. In this paper we report the discovery and characterization of (R)-5-(4-bromobenzyl)-3-(3, 5-dichlorophenyl)-1,5-dimethylimidazolidine-2,4-dione (BIRT 377), an orally bioavailable small molecule that interacts specifically with LFA-1 via noncovalent binding to the(More)
The interactions of intercellular adhesion molecules-1 and -3 (ICAM-1 and ICAM-3) with lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) have been characterized and compared on the molecular and cellular level. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent-based molecular assays have been utilized to calculate the binding affinities of soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble(More)
Dimerization of human glycophorin A in erythrocyte membranes is mediated by specific interactions within the helical transmembrane domain of the protein. Rotational resonance NMR provides a unique approach for obtaining high-resolution structural data in membrane systems and has been used to establish intermolecular contacts in the glycophorin A dimer by(More)