Barbara J Ballermann

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Cultured endothelial cells release a potent vasoconstrictor peptide, endothelin. Cumulative addition of synthetic endothelin to isolated rabbit aortic rings elicited a concentration-dependent increase in contractile tension which was endothelium-independent. In cultured rabbit vascular smooth muscle cells loaded with the fluorescent dye fura 2, endothelin(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) induces angiogenesis in vivo and capillary morphogenesis in vitro. Two receptor serine/threonine kinases (types I and II) have been identified as signal transducing TGF-beta receptors. We explored the possibility of inhibiting TGF-beta-mediated events in glomerular capillary endothelial cells using a TGF-beta(More)
The regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) has been studied extensively due to the fundamental roles these zinc-endopeptidases play in diverse physiological and pathological processes. However, phosphorylation has not previously been considered as a potential modulator of MMP activity. The ubiquitously expressed MMP-2 contains 29 potential(More)
TIMAP (TGF-beta1 inhibited, membrane-associated protein) is a prenylated, endothelial cell-predominant protein phosphatase 1 (PP1c) regulatory subunit that localizes to the plasma membrane of filopodia. Here, we determined whether phosphorylation regulates TIMAP-associated PP1c function. Phosphorylation of TIMAP was observed in cells metabolically labeled(More)
Infusion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) increases the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and ANP is released from cardiac myocytes in response to extracellular fluid volume expansion. Since diabetes mellitus is associated with glomerular hyperfiltration and volume expansion, we investigated the relationship between ANP and GFR in diabetic rats given(More)
The kidney maintains constancy of body fluid volume by regulating urinary sodium (Na) excretion. In chronic renal failure, the reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is accompanied by an increase in Na excretion per nephron if dietary Na intake is not changed. Reduction in Na intake in proportion to reduced GFR obviates this adaptive increase in(More)
Shear stress and the endothelium. Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) in vivo are influenced by two distinct hemodynamic forces: cyclical strain due to vessel wall distention by transmural pressure, and shear stress, the frictional force generated by blood flow. Shear stress acts at the apical cell surface to deform cells in the direction of blood flow; wall(More)
Representational difference analysis of the glomerular endothelial cell response to transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) revealed a novel gene, TIMAP (TGF-beta-inhibited membrane-associated protein), which contains 10 exons and maps to human chromosome 20.q11.22. By Northern blot, TIMAP mRNA is highly expressed in all cultured endothelial and(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are now one of the most frequently used classes of antihypertensive drugs. Beyond their utility in the management of hypertension, their use has been extended to the long-term management of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), as well as diabetic and nondiabetic nephropathies. Although ACE inhibitor(More)