Barbara Hardy

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Today's lifecycle of new and emerging products, increase in labour costs in developed countries and user's expectations or behaviours including frequently upgrading items with latest features, influence the growth rate of product disposal to landfill. To reduce the negative impact on the environment, global manufacturers need to take responsibility for(More)
In England and the Netherlands there is much comparable experience in developing and delivering integrated services, provided by different health care agencies to people with multiple care demands. The achievement of integrated care provision in such cases appears to be very difficult and laborious in both countries. This article may be considered a first(More)
Promoting the development of a flourishing independent sector alongside good quality public services was a key objective of the community care reforms of the last decade. This paper charts some of the ways the independent domiciliary care sector is changing, as local authorities shift the balance of their provision toward independent sector providers and(More)
Due to a number of catastrophic events, vulnerability analysis has been an area of increasing interest and research since the mid 1990s. This paper seeks to look at the results of two vulnerability measures, importance and exposure, applied to networks for macroscopic and mesoscopic modelling within the city of Adelaide. The paper looks at the case study of(More)
The need for more reliable travel time in urban areas in order to provide better transport service to the community has attracted many studies to model travel time reliability and variability. The travel time distribution is basic knowledge for this modelling, and studies to fit continuous parametric distributions to travel time distribution have been(More)
Traffic flows are widely employed as a primary input in calculation of control variables including phase splits and cycle lengths for traffic signals. Flow characteristics normally vary in different locations and over time corresponding to different driver behaviours. The examination of traffic flows should provide better understanding of a study area and(More)
Although community care has been the professed policy of successive governments over three decades, according to the Prime Minister's own adviser, Sir Roy Griffiths, 'in few areas can the gap between political rhetoric and policy on the one hand or between policy and reality in the field on the other hand have been so great'. This paper examines the extent(More)
The ultimate aim of CO 2 emission standards is to reduce CO 2 emissions. The Discussion Paper proposes a scheme based on defining targets for the average emissions per kilometre of new vehicles sold in Australia. However, this is only one of a number of policy instruments that could be implemented in order to reduce CO 2 emissions from vehicles. Indeed, the(More)
Travel coaching is a structured interpersonal dialogue that explores options for using various transport alternatives. A facilitator guides the participant in clarifying their goals, creating personally unique solutions, and then establishes a mentoring relationship to maintain ongoing contact with the participant (Ampt & Engwicht 2007). The paper presents(More)