Barbara Handford Bernhardt

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The present paper comprises an overview of techniques using ultrasound in speech (re)habilitation. Ultrasound treatment techniques have been developed for English lingual stops, vowels, sibilants, and liquids. These techniques come from a series of small n studies with adolescents and adults with severe hearing impairment, residual speech impairment or(More)
This study investigated the relationships between the phonological and metaphonological skills of 19 children aged 3-5 years with moderate to severe phonological disorders, and the effects of intervention on the children's awareness skills. Seven tasks were used which required children to produce alliterations and rhymes, to segment sentences, disyllabic(More)
One of the challenges in the assessment of children with phonological disorders is the collection of a valid and reliable speech sample. Whichever framework is used, the sample can bias the analysis, sometimes in a way that fails to elucidate key phonological patterns. This article discusses sampling in terms of a current framework, nonlinear phonological(More)
Sometimes, a phonological sample is insufficient for describing patterns and determining goals for treatment. This article discusses how to evaluate a given word list in terms of a set of criteria for a detailed phonological analysis. In addition, suggestions are provided for sample supplementation for two frequent areas of difficulty in phonological(More)
BACKGROUND Three years before the present study, 19 preschool children participated in a phonological and metaphonological intervention programme. The phonological intervention programme was based on non-linear phonological analyses. The metaphonological intervention programme included both rhyming and alliteration tasks and was directly targeted during the(More)
Acquisition of intervocalic consonants has been insufficiently studied, both in terms of subject numbers, and in terms of differentiating syllabification patterns from those involving vowel feature assimilation. The question has remained: are English intervocalic consonants syllable-initial (onsets), syllable-final (codas) or ambisyllabic? This study(More)
Intervocalic consonants have received far less attention in research on first language acquisition than consonants at the edges of words. Theories have predicted that intervocalic consonants may show special properties because they are in a special position in syllable structure (constituting both an onset, or syllable-initial consonant, and a coda, or(More)
Four adolescents with moderate to severe sensorineural hearing losses and moderately unintelligible speech participated in a 14-week speech therapy study using two dynamic visual feedback technologies, electropalatography and ultrasound imaging. Electropalatography provides information about tongue-hard palate contact points. Ultrasound displays images of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the current study was to compare conversational speech samples with single-word samples that were partially tailored to the participants' individual phonological profiles, using aspects of nonlinear phonological frameworks as a basis for evaluation. METHOD There were 20 participants in the study, ranging in age from 3;0 to 10;5(More)