Barbara Habermann

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BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease affects facial, vocal and trunk muscles. As symptoms progress, facial expression becomes masked, limiting the person's ability to communicate emotions and intentions to others. As people with the disease live and reside in their homes longer, the burden of caregiving is unmitigated by social and emotional rewards provided by(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease with a wide range of symptom presentations. The purpose of this research was to compare self-reported motor and non-motor symptoms of PD by sex and disease duration. This study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey in community-dwelling people with PD. A total of 141 participants (64.6% response(More)
Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder in the United States. Because there is no cure for PD currently, pharmacological therapy is the mainstay of PD symptom management. Despite the importance of medication adherence in PD, several studies have reported medication nonadherence and/or suboptimal adherence. This literature(More)
BACKGROUND Though hypomimia, also called facial masking, is experienced by many people with Parkinson's disease (PD), little is known about how the experience of this motor impairment relates to their own and their care partners' (CP) social life and relationship quality. OBJECTIVE To test if the experience of facial masking relates to social wellbeing in(More)
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