Barbara H. Jung

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Colon cancers with high-frequency microsatellite instability (MSI-H) develop frameshift mutations in tumor suppressors as part of their pathogenesis. ACVR2 is mutated at its exon 10 polyadenine tract in >80% of MSI-H colon cancers, coinciding with loss of protein. ACVR2 transmits the growth effects of activin via phosphorylation of SMAD(More)
Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1α (PDHA1) is the first component enzyme of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex that transforms pyruvate, via pyruvate decarboxylation, into acetyl-CoA that is subsequently used by both the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation to generate ATP. As such, PDH links glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation in normal as(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Elevated microsatellite alterations at selected tetranucleotide repeats (EMAST) occurs during microsatellite instability (MSI) that is not associated with major defects in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) but rather the reduced (heterogenous) expression of the MMR protein hMSH3; it occurs in sporadic colorectal tumors. We examined the timing of(More)
Several mechanisms underlying tumor progression have remained elusive, particularly in relation to transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β). Although TGF-β initially inhibits epithelial growth, it appears to promote the progression of advanced tumors. Defects in normal TGF-β pathways partially explain this paradox, which can lead to a cascade of downstream(More)
The Lerks, ligands of eph-related receptor tyrosine kinases, are a rapidly expanding family of genes thought to play an important role in the development and oncogenesis of various tissues. However, very little experimental evidence supports this hypothesis. Using RNA fingerprinting, we detected increased expression of Lerk-5 mRNA in human melanocytes as a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Colorectal tumors manifesting high-frequency microsatellite instability (MSI-H) develop genetically as a consequence of mutations in genes harboring repetitive DNA sequences. The activin type 2 receptor (ACVR2), possessing 2 polyadenine coding sequences, was identified as a mutational target, but it is not clear if expression is abrogated.(More)
Colorectal tumors are often observed with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, presumably as a host-immune response, and patterns may segregate by types of genomic instability. Microsatellite unstable (MSI) colorectal cancers contain a pronounced lymphocyte reaction that can pathologically identify these tumors. Colorectal tumors with elevated microsatellite(More)
Histone variant macroH2A1 has two splice isoforms, macroH2A1.1 and macroH2A1.2, with tissue- and cell-specific expression patterns. Although macroH2A1.1 is mainly found in differentiated, nonproliferative tissues, macroH2A1.2 is more generally expressed, including in tissues with ongoing cell proliferation. Consistently, studies in breast and lung cancer(More)
High-frequency microsatellite unstable (MSI-H) colon tumors develop as a consequence of mutations at repetitive sequences in target genes. TGFBR2 and ACVR2, encoding TGFbeta superfamily receptors, and the proapoptotic gene BAX are frequent targets for frameshift mutation. We analyzed the effect of these mutations on survival and histology in 2 separate(More)
Metastasis accounts for the majority of cancer-related deaths. Accurate prediction of metastatic potential of tumors has been elusive, and the search for clinically useful markers continues. We previously reported that GIV/Girdin triggers tumor cell migration by virtue of a C-terminal guanine-nucleotide exchange factor motif that activates Gαi. Here we(More)