Barbara Gouget

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If released in the environment, nanomaterials might be inhaled by populations and cause damage to the deepest regions of the respiratory tract, i.e., the alveolar compartment. To model this situation, we studied the response of A549 human pneumocytes after exposure to aluminium oxide or titanium oxide nanoparticles, and to multi-walled carbon nanotubes. The(More)
Ecotoxicological effects of nanoparticles (NP) are still poorly documented while their commercialization for industrial and household applications increases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of physicochemical characteristics on metal oxide NP and carbon nanotubes toxicological effects toward bacteria. Two strains of bacteria, Cupriavidus(More)
8-Oxoguanine (8-oxoG), a common and mutagenic form of oxidized guanine in DNA, is eliminated mainly through base excision repair. In human cells its repair is initiated by human OGG1 (hOGG1), an 8-oxoG DNA glycosylase. We investigated the effects of an acute cadmium exposure of human lymphoblastoid cells on the activity of hOGG1. We show that coinciding(More)
Uranium is a naturally occurring heavy metal. Its extensive use in the nuclear cycle and for military applications has focused attention on its potential health effects. Acute exposures to uranium are toxic to the kidneys where they mainly cause damage to proximal tubular epithelium. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biological consequences(More)
Nickel is a cofactor for various microbial enzymes, yet as a trace element, its scavenging is challenging. In the case of the pathogen Helicobacter pylori, nickel is essential for the survival in the human stomach, because it is the cofactor of the important virulence factor urease. While nickel transport across the cytoplasmic membrane is accomplished by(More)
Ralstonia metallidurans CH34, a soil bacterium resistant to a variety of metals, is known to reduce selenite to intracellular granules of elemental selenium (Se(0)). We have studied the kinetics of selenite (Se(IV)) and selenate (Se(VI)) accumulation and used X-ray absorption spectroscopy to identify the accumulated form of selenate, as well as possible(More)
The induction of mutations in mammalian cells exposed to cadmium has been associated with the oxidative stress triggered by the metal. There is increasing evidence that the mutagenic potential of Cd is not restricted to the induction of DNA lesions. Cd has been shown to inactivate several DNA repair enzymes. Here we show that exposure of human cells to(More)
Isotope exchange methodology is invaluable to determine the solution-solid-phase distribution (Kd) and isotopically exchangeable concentration (Evalue) of elements in soils and sediments. This work examined the use of species-specific stable isotope exchange techniques to determine the Kd and E value of selenium (Se), as selenite (SeO3) and selenate (SeO4),(More)
Bone is one of the main retention organs for uranium (U) and lead (Pb). The clinical effects of U or Pb poisoning are well known: acute and chronic intoxications impair bone formation. However, only few studies dealt with the cellular and molecular mechanisms of their toxicity. The purpose of this study was to investigate acute cytotoxicity of U and Pb and(More)