Learn More
Tomaymycin produced by Streptomyces achromogenes is a naturally produced pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD). The biosynthetic gene cluster for tomaymycin was identified and sequenced. The gene cluster analysis reveals a novel biosynthetic pathway for the anthranilate moiety of PBDs. Gene replacement and chemical complementation studies were used to confirm the(More)
NAD(+) is an essential metabolite both as a cofactor in energy metabolism and redox homeostasis and as a regulator of cellular processes. In contrast to humans, Mycobacterium tuberculosis NAD(+) biosynthesis is absolutely dependent on the activity of a multifunctional glutamine-dependent NAD(+) synthetase, which catalyzes the ATP-dependent formation of(More)
NAD(+) synthetase catalyzes the formation of NAD(+) from ATP, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide and ammonia. Glutamine-dependent NAD(+) synthetase obtains ammonia through the hydrolysis of glutamine to glutamate, which takes place in the glutaminase domain. The ammonia is subsequently transported to the synthetase domain through an interdomain ammonia(More)
Pyrrolobenzodiazepines, a class of natural products produced by actinomycetes, are sequence selective DNA alkylating compounds with significant antitumor properties. Among the pyrrolo[1,4]benzodiazepines (PBDs) sibiromycin, one of two identified glycosylated PBDs, displays the highest affinity for DNA and the most potent antitumor properties. Despite the(More)
Pyrrolobenzodiazepines (PBDs) are sequence selective DNA alkylating agents with remarkable antineoplastic activity. They are either naturally produced by actinomycetes or synthetically produced. The remarkable broad spectrum of activities of the naturally produced PBDs encouraged the synthesis of several PBDs, including dimeric and hybrid PBDs yielding to(More)
Escherichia coli dTDP-glucose 4,6-dehydratase and UDP-galactose 4-epimerase are members of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase SDR family. A highly conserved triad consisting of Ser/Thr, Tyr, and Lys is present in the active sites of these enzymes as well in other SDR proteins. Ser124, Tyr149, and Lys153 in the active site of UDP-galactose 4-epimerase(More)
Glutamine-dependent NAD+ synthetase is an essential enzyme and a validated drug target in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (mtuNadE). It catalyses the ATP-dependent formation of NAD+ from NaAD+ (nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide) at the synthetase active site and glutamine hydrolysis at the glutaminase active site. An ammonia tunnel 40 Å (1 Å=0.1 nm) long(More)
The transition-state structure for the reaction catalyzed by kanamycin nucleotidyltransferase has been determined from kinetic isotope effects. The primary (18)O isotope effects at pH 5.7 (close to the optimum pH) and at pH 7.7 (away from the optimum pH) are respectively 1.016 +/- 0.003 and 1.014 +/- 0.002. Secondary (18)O isotope effects of 1.0033 +/-(More)
Carbapenam synthetase (CarA) is an ATP/Mg2+-dependent enzyme that catalyzes formation of the beta-lactam ring in (5R)-carbapenem-3-carboxylic acid biosynthesis. CarA is homologous to beta-lactam synthetase (beta-LS), which is involved in clavulanic acid biosynthesis. The catalytic cycles of CarA and beta-LS mediate substrate adenylation followed by(More)
The Erwinia carotorova carA, carB, and carC gene products are essential for the biosynthesis of (5R)-carbapen-2-em-3-carboxylic acid, the simplest carbapenem beta-lactam antibiotic. CarA (hereafter named carbapenam synthetase) has been proposed to catalyze formation of (3S,5S)-carbapenam-3-carboxylic acid from (2S,5S)-5-carboxymethyl proline based on(More)