Barbara Gajkowska

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Although considered to be an extracellular pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus is able to invade a variety of mammalian, non-professional phagocytes and can also survive engulfment by professional phagocytes such as neutrophils and monocytes. In both of these cell types S. aureus promptly escapes from the endosomes/phagosomes and proliferates within the(More)
In the brain beta-oxidation, which takes place in astrocytes, is not a major process of energy supply. Astrocytes synthesize important lipid metabolites, mainly due to the processes taking place in peroxisomes. One of the compounds necessary in the process of mitochondrial beta-oxidation and export of acyl moieties from peroxisomes is l-carnitine. Two(More)
Current efforts are focused on revealing the cellular factors that determine the "immune escape" of cancer cells. As an example in our study human colorectal cancer cell line COLO 205 was resistant to TNF-alpha - a death inducing ligand. Nonetheless, co-incubation TNF-alpha (10 ng/ml) with cycloheximide (5 micro g/ml, CHX) caused time-dependent (6, 12, 24(More)
Smac/DIABLO, a pro-apoptotic protein released from mitochondrial intermembrane space during apoptosis, promotes caspase activation by IAPs neutralization. The kinetics and molecular mechanism of Smac/DIABLO release from mitochondria has remained obscure. Homeostatic confocal microscopy, for the first time, showed the precise kinetics of Smac/DIABLO release(More)
Lipid rafts are cholesterol-enriched microdomains in plasma membranes. The functional activity of many membrane proteins, including death and growth factor receptors, depends on their insertion in lipid rafts. We have previously demonstrated the presence of lipid rafts in keratinocytes and shown that lipid rafts are involved in the control of keratinocyte(More)
A systemic inflammatory reaction may have detrimental effects on the organism, including the central nervous system. Previous studies have indicated that lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-evoked systemic inflammation induces pathological alterations in the mouse midbrain, especially in the substantia nigra. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the(More)
The molecular mechanism of cell death induced by AGS 115 and EFDAC, sesquiterpene analogs of paclitaxel, was investigated in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. The study was carried out using laser scanning cytometry, homeostatic confocal microscopy, atomic force microscopy and electron microscopy. AGS 115 and EFDAC exhibited a microtubule-stabilizing effect(More)
Relatively mild ischemic insult can lead to delayed neuronal cell death in vulnerable brain regions. We provide evidence that the protein composition of the postsynaptic densities (PSD) undergoes rapid modification after 15 min postdecapitative as well as 5 min transient global ischemia. We observed a significant increase in cPKC and nPKC protein content in(More)
Forty years after Singer and Nicolson (1972) announced the fluid mosaic membrane model a number of new facts caused updating of their historic view. Plasma membrane is not uniform in state of matter, i.e. fluid portion is represented by glycerophospholipids spontaneously mounted into lipid bilayer in disordered manner (Ld - liquid disordered). In such(More)
To induce oral tolerance in multiple sclerosis treatment, we proposed to use the predigested protein of pig spinal cord. The most biologically active composition was obtained from the hydrolysis of an undenaturated homogenate of proteins digested with pepsin. Feeding the rats with our preparation, before or after immunization with MS antigens, strongly(More)