Barbara G Bigby

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The increase in airway responsiveness induced by O3 exposure in dogs is associated with airway epithelial inflammation, as evidenced by an increase in the number of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes) found in epithelial biopsies and in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. We investigated in 10 healthy, human subjects whether O3-induced hyperresponsiveness(More)
Whether short-term exposure to low levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) enhances airway responsiveness in asthmatic subjects is controversial. Because it is well established that asthma is associated with increased airway responsiveness to another common air pollutant, sulfur dioxide (SO2), we examined whether short-term exposure of asthmatic subjects to 0.3(More)
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a common oxidant air pollutant. Animal studies have suggested that NO2 exposure causes a decrease in the numbers of some splenic lymphocyte subtypes and impairs lymphocyte-dependent immune responses. To investigate whether ambient levels of NO2 alter circulating and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) human lymphocytes, we studied(More)
We have examined the effects of indomethacin (I) on tolerance to the bronchomotor effects of repetitive challenge with exercise (EX) and eucapnic hyperpnea (EH) in 7 asthmatic subjects. Each subject was studied on 4 separate days. EH was performed for 4 min at a minute ventilation found previously to increase specific airway resistance (SRaw) by 8 units (cm(More)
We measured inspiratory resistance (R1), inspiratory occlusion pressure (P0.1), and the ventilatory responses to hypercapnia and isocapnic hypoxia during waking and during stage 2 non-rapid eye movement sleep in nine young men who were habitual snorers. They were studied on 2 nights during the 3 hours after receiving a bedtime drink containing either a(More)
We have previously reported that bedtime ethanol (2.0 ml/kg of 100 proof vodka) increases upper airway closing pressure in males who habitually snored but were otherwise healthy. We also observed that some of these snorers developed obstructive apneas. To explore this phenomenon in more detail, we measured the inspiratory resistance (RI) and respiratory(More)
To determine whether the inhibitory effect of cromolyn on sulfur dioxide-induced bronchoconstriction is dose dependent, we compared the effects of treatment with 200 mg of cromolyn, with 20 mg of cromolyn, and with placebo on the rise in specific airway resistance provoked by inhalation of serially increasing concentrations of sulfur dioxide (0.25 to 8.0(More)
To determine whether the combination of an agent thought to inhibit mediator release (cromolyn) and an agent that inhibits parasympathetic pathways inhibits sulfur dioxide-induced bronchoconstriction more than either agent alone, we measured the bronchomotor response of 9 asthmatic subjects to inhalation of sulfur dioxide after treatment with cromolyn(More)
We examined whether brief exposures to moderately high concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) causes acute increases in nasal symptoms and nasal resistance in subjects with chronic rhinitis. We studied 19 subjects with allergic rhinitis and 3 subjects with chronic intermittent rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, and sneezing without any other manifestation of(More)
To examine whether endogenous secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) modifies the bronchomotor response to moderately strenuous exercise and, conversely, whether hyperpnea of exercise or bronchoconstriction alone modulates the release of ANP, we compared the rise in specific airway resistance and the rise in circulating immunoreactive ANP (IR-ANP)(More)