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In plants, N-linked glycans are processed in the Golgi apparatus to complex-type N-glycans of limited size containing a beta(1,2)-xylose and/or an alpha(1,3)-fucose residue. Larger mono- and bi-antennary N-linked complex glycans have not often been described. This study has re-examined the structure of such plant N-linked glycans, and, through both(More)
The dicarboxylate carrier has been characterized and purified from mitochondria of wild strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The mitochondria were solubilized with Triton X-100 and the detergent extract was chromatographed on hydroxylapatite. SDS-PAGE of the hydroxylapatite pass-through showed five protein bands with M(r)s ranging from 28,000 to 35,000, by(More)
A simple purification procedure for the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase and the pyruvate dehydrogenase complexes of Neurospora crassa mitochondria is described. After fractionated precipitations with polyethylene glycol, elimination of thiol proteins, and gel-filtration chromatography, the resulting preparations contained both activities. Covalent(More)
The dicarboxylate carrier of rat-liver mitochondria, extracted by Triton X-100 and partially purified by hydroxylapatite chromatography, was retained by malate dehydrogenase immobilized on Sepharose gel, and eluted with 0.4 M NaCl. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the eluate showed a predominant peptide band with an M(r) of 28,000. The purified(More)
Hydroxylapatite chromatography of Triton-extracted inner-membrane proteins from rat liver mitochondria allowed a ten-fold purification of the dicarboxylate carrier. The purified system, reconstituted into liposomes, displayed all the properties of the dicarboxylate carrier and mediated malonate-malate and malonate-phosphate exchanges. Six protein bands of(More)
The exchange between external [14C] malonate and internal malate or phosphate was reconstituted in liposomes prepared by incorporation of a Triton-extract of mitochondrial rat-liver inner membranes. The conditions of transport were investigated and the kinetic parameters of malonate-malate and malonate-phosphate exchanges were determined. The exchange was(More)
Dicarboxylate transport was studied in the inner membrane matrix fraction (mitoplasts) and compared to that in intact rat-liver mitochondria from which the former was obtained. It is concluded that, kinetics of dicarboxylate exchange measured in mitoplasts, are very similar to those observed with mitochondria. These results would indicate that the(More)