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Creatine is synthesized from arginine by L-arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) and S-adenosyl-L-methionine:N-guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) and can be taken up by cells by creatine transporters (CRT). While creatine is mainly synthesized by the liver and the kidney, most of other tissues, including the brain, also express AGAT and GAMT.(More)
Hyperammonemia in neonates and infants affects brain development and causes mental retardation. We report that ammonium impaired cholinergic axonal growth and altered localization and phosphorylation of intermediate neurofilament protein in rat reaggregated brain cell primary cultures. This effect was restricted to the phase of early maturation but did not(More)
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