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Based on the crystal structure of human DNA ligase I complexed with nicked DNA, computer-aided drug design was used to identify compounds in a database of 1.5 million commercially available low molecular weight chemicals that were predicted to bind to a DNA-binding pocket within the DNA-binding domain of DNA ligase I, thereby inhibiting DNA joining. Ten of(More)
T-type calcium channels are involved in a multitude of cellular processes, both physiological and pathological, including cancer. T-type channels are also often aberrantly expressed in different human cancers and participate in the regulation of cell cycle progression, proliferation, migration, and survival. Here, we review the recent literature and discuss(More)
Ecteinascidin 743 (Et743) is a highly cytotoxic anticancer agent isolated from the squirt Ecteinascidia turbinate, which alkylates DNA in the minor groove at GC-rich sequences resulting in an unusual bending toward the major groove. The ability of Et743 to block DNA replication was studied using the well-established simian virus (SV40) model for mammalian(More)
Human DNA ligase I (hLigI) participates in DNA replication and excision repair via an interaction with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a DNA sliding clamp. In addition, hLigI interacts with and is inhibited by replication factor C (RFC), the clamp loader complex that loads PCNA onto DNA. Here we show that a mutant version of hLigI, which mimics(More)
Linking together of DNA strands by DNA ligases is essential for DNA replication and repair. Since many therapies used to treat cancer act by causing DNA damage, there is growing interest in the development of DNA repair inhibitors. Accordingly, virtual database screening and experimental evaluation were applied to identify inhibitors of human DNA ligase I(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are brain tumors that are exceptionally resistant to both radio- and chemotherapy regimens and novel approaches to treatment are needed. T-type calcium channels are one type of low voltage-gated channel (LVCC) involved in embryonic cell proliferation and differentiation; however they are often over-expressed in tumors,(More)
A prototype of a novel class of DNA alkylating agents, which combines the DNA crosslinking moiety chlorambucil (Chl) with a sequence-selective hairpin pyrrole-imidazole polyamide ImPy-beta-ImPy-gamma-ImPy-beta-Dp (polyamide 1), was evaluated for its ability to damage DNA and induce biological responses. Polyamide 1-Chl conjugate (1-Chl) alkylates and(More)
UNLABELLED Epithelial tumor cells express T-type Ca(2+) channels, which are thought to promote cell proliferation. This study investigated the cellular response to T-type Ca(2+) channel inhibition either by small-molecule antagonists or by RNAi-mediated knockdown. Selective T-type Ca(2+) channel antagonists caused growth inhibition and apoptosis more(More)
Human DNA ligase I (hLigI) joins Okazaki fragments during DNA replication and completes excision repair via interactions with proliferating cell nuclear antigen and replication factor C (RFC). Unlike proliferating cell nuclear antigen, the interaction with RFC is regulated by hLigI phosphorylation. To identity of the site(s) involved in this regulation, we(More)
Protein Kinase A Effects of an Expressed PRKAR1A Mutation Associated with Aggressive Tumors. Elise Meoli, Ioannis Bossis, Laure Cazabat, Manos Mavrakis, Anelia Horvath, Sotiris Stergiopoulos, Miriam L. Shiferaw, Glawdys Fumey, Karine Perlemoine, Michael Muchow, Audrey Robinson-White, Frank Weinberg, Maria Nesterova, Yianna Patronas, Lionel Groussin, Jérôme(More)