Barbara Dziegielewska

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Based on the crystal structure of human DNA ligase I complexed with nicked DNA, computer-aided drug design was used to identify compounds in a database of 1.5 million commercially available low molecular weight chemicals that were predicted to bind to a DNA-binding pocket within the DNA-binding domain of DNA ligase I, thereby inhibiting DNA joining. Ten of(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are brain tumors that are exceptionally resistant to both radio- and chemotherapy regimens and novel approaches to treatment are needed. T-type calcium channels are one type of low voltage-gated channel (LVCC) involved in embryonic cell proliferation and differentiation; however they are often over-expressed in tumors,(More)
T-type calcium channels are involved in a multitude of cellular processes, both physiological and pathological, including cancer. T-type channels are also often aberrantly expressed in different human cancers and participate in the regulation of cell cycle progression, proliferation, migration, and survival. Here, we review the recent literature and discuss(More)
Ecteinascidin 743 (Et743) is a highly cytotoxic anticancer agent isolated from the squirt Ecteinascidia turbinate, which alkylates DNA in the minor groove at GC-rich sequences resulting in an unusual bending toward the major groove. The ability of Et743 to block DNA replication was studied using the well-established simian virus (SV40) model for mammalian(More)
Human DNA ligase I (hLigI) participates in DNA replication and excision repair via an interaction with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a DNA sliding clamp. In addition, hLigI interacts with and is inhibited by replication factor C (RFC), the clamp loader complex that loads PCNA onto DNA. Here we show that a mutant version of hLigI, which mimics(More)
A prototype of a novel class of DNA alkylating agents, which combines the DNA crosslinking moiety chlorambucil (Chl) with a sequence-selective hairpin pyrrole-imidazole polyamide ImPy-beta-ImPy-gamma-ImPy-beta-Dp (polyamide 1), was evaluated for its ability to damage DNA and induce biological responses. Polyamide 1-Chl conjugate (1-Chl) alkylates and(More)
Linking together of DNA strands by DNA ligases is essential for DNA replication and repair. Since many therapies used to treat cancer act by causing DNA damage, there is growing interest in the development of DNA repair inhibitors. Accordingly, virtual database screening and experimental evaluation were applied to identify inhibitors of human DNA ligase I(More)
To understand how bulky adducts might perturb DNA helicase function, three distinct DNA-binding agents were used to determine the effects of DNA alkylation on a DNA helicase. Adozelesin, ecteinascidin 743 (Et743) and hedamycin each possess unique structures and sequence selectivity. They bind to double-stranded DNA and alkylate one strand of the duplex in(More)
UNLABELLED Epithelial tumor cells express T-type Ca(2+) channels, which are thought to promote cell proliferation. This study investigated the cellular response to T-type Ca(2+) channel inhibition either by small-molecule antagonists or by RNAi-mediated knockdown. Selective T-type Ca(2+) channel antagonists caused growth inhibition and apoptosis more(More)
Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynecologic cancer, due in large part to the diagnosis of advanced stage disease, the development of platinum resistance, and inadequate treatment alternatives. Recent studies by our group and others have shown that T-type calcium (Ca(2+)) channels play a reinforcing role in cancer cell proliferation, cell-cycle progression,(More)