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Presence of heteronymous recurrent inhibition in motoneurones (Mns) innervating the soleus muscle (Sol) was investigated following electrical stimulation of the nerve of gastrocnemius medialis muscle (GM). Sub-threshold electrical stimulation for alpha Mns produced short-lasting inhibition of the Sol, reflecting non-reciprocal group I inhibition. After(More)
Tonic muscle nociceptive discharge evoked chemically from the foot extensor digitorum brevis muscle in man produces a depression of Ia excitation and Ib inhibition of the soleus (Sol) motoneurones (Mns). The possibility that both these changes partly result from presynaptic inhibition of Ia fibres projecting to Sol Mns and to interneurones mediating group I(More)
1. In six human subjects standing without support, the reflex response of the tibialis anterior muscle (TA) was elicited by painful electrical stimulation (500 Hz, 20 ms) of the anterior sole of the foot and analysed by post-stimulus averages of rectified electromyography. The threshold intensity for the reflex response was very close to the subjective pain(More)
1. Effects of conditioning motor volleys of increasing amplitude on antagonistic motor nuclei were tested at the wrist and elbow level in man. 2. The modifications of biceps, triceps, flexor carpi radialis (FCR) and extensor carpi radialis (ECR) motoneurone excitability were tested both in post-stimulus time histogram (PSTH) and rectified averaged EMG(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of spinal recurrent inhibition on human motoneurone discharge patterns. The tonic discharge activity of motor unit pairs was recorded in the extensor carpi radialis (ECR) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) muscles during voluntary isometric contraction. While undergoing continuous intravenous saline(More)
The effects of selective tonic cutaneous and muscle pain stimulation on heteronymous Ib pathways from the gastrocnemius medialis to the soleus motoneurones were studied in five healthy human subjects. Tonic pain stimulation, monitored by a psychophysical method, was obtained by local injection of 60 mg levo-ascorbic acid (L-AS) in a volume of 0.3 ml.(More)
We investigated the effect of a tonic discharge of muscle nociceptive afferents on somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in humans in response to stimulation of non-nociceptive afferents arising from the same muscle. Conditioning nociceptive muscle stimulation was achieved by local injection of 50 mg levo-ascorbic acid (in a volume of 0.3 ml) in the body(More)
The effects of tonic pain stimulation on heteronymous Ib pathways from the gastrocnemius medialis (GM) to the soleus (Sol) and to the quadriceps (Q) muscles were investigated in four healthy human subjects. Tonic pain stimulation was performed by subcutaneous injection of 0.5 mg levo-ascorbic acid or vitamin C (L-LAS) in a volume of 0.5 ml on the dorsal(More)
In six healthy subjects, the reflex responses of the tibialis anterior muscle (TA) to stimulation of the cutaneous afferents arising from plantar foot, were studied at rest and during different levels of steady voluntary contraction of the TA. At rest, the threshold of the response and the threshold of subjective pain sensation coincided. The mean latency(More)
Ipsi- and contralateral patterns of lower limb nociceptive reflex responses were studied in 6 normal subjects in free standing position. Once the position was stabilized, only ankle extensor muscles showed consistent tonic activity while ankle flexors and knee extensors and flexors were virtually silent. Reflex responses, elicited by painful electrical(More)