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OBJECTIVE To evaluate teriflunomide as add-on therapy to ongoing stable-dosed interferon-β (IFNβ) in patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (RMS). METHODS A total of 118 patients with RMS were randomly assigned 1:1:1 to receive oral placebo or teriflunomide, 7 or 14 mg, once daily for 24 weeks; 86 patients entered the 24-week extension. The(More)
CM101, an antiangiogenic polysaccharide derived from group B streptococcus, was administered by i.v. injection 1 hr post-spinal-cord crush injury in an effort to prevent inflammatory angiogenesis and gliosis (scarring) in a mouse model. We postulated that gliosis would sterically prevent the reestablishment of neuronal connectivity; thus, treatment with(More)
PURPOSE A group B-streptococcus exotoxin (CM101) was administered following optic nerve injury in adult rats in order to analyze putative effects on macrophages, glial scar formation and regrowth of axons in the lesioned optic nerve. METHODS After a standardized intraorbital optic nerve crush, animals were randomized to treatment with CM101 (30 microm/kg(More)
CM101, an anti-pathoangiogenic polysaccharide derived from group B streptococcus, has been shown to inhibit inflammatory angiogenesis and accelerate wound healing in a mouse model and minimize scarring/gliosis following spinal cord injury. To evaluate the in vivo effects of CM101 on cutaneous wound healing in the pig, intravenously delivered CM101 or(More)
CM101, a bacterial polysaccharide derived from group B streptococcus, induces pronounced inflammatory changes in and around tumor blood vessels 60 min after i. v. injection. A technique has been developed for implanting small numbers of tumor cells in the ear skin of mice. This allows macroscopic examination of the tumor and its supporting blood vessels as(More)
A polysaccharide toxin, GBS toxin, is produced by group BStreptococcus (GBS) isolates from neonates who died of “early-onset disease”. GBS toxin, named CM101 in the clinic, was hypothesized, on the basis of our previous in vivo studies, to induce inflammation in pulmonary neovasculature in neonates by crosslinking of embryonic receptors still expressed(More)
CM101 is a bacterial polysaccharide that induces neovascular inflammation in malignant tumors. Fifteen patients with refractory malignancies received CM101 i.v. by a 15-min infusion every other day, three times in 1 week, at doses ranging from 1 unit (7.5 microgram)/kg to 5 units/kg. Serum was analyzed for anti-CM101 IgG and IgM weekly. Plasma levels of(More)
Purpose The Letrozole (Femara) Versus Anastrozole Clinical Evaluation (FACE) study compared the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole versus anastrozole in postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor (HR) -positive and node-positive early breast cancer (eBC). Methods Postmenopausal women with HR-positive and node-positive eBC were randomly assigned to(More)
CM101, a polysaccharide isolated from the culture medium of Group B streptococcus, a neonatal pathogen, targets pathological angiogenesis and inhibits tumor growth in mice and humans. CM101 also targets neonatal lung and adult sheep lung endothelial cells. A gene encoding a transmembrane protein that interacts with CM101 was isolated from a sheep lung(More)
CM101, a bacterial polysaccharide exotoxin produced by group B Streptococcus (GBS), also referred to as GBS toxin, has been shown to target pathological neovasculature and activate complement (C3), thereby inducing neovascularitis, infiltration of inflammatory cells, inhibition of tumor growth, and apoptosis in murine tumor models. Data from refractory(More)