Barbara D Wamil

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate teriflunomide as add-on therapy to ongoing stable-dosed interferon-β (IFNβ) in patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (RMS). METHODS A total of 118 patients with RMS were randomly assigned 1:1:1 to receive oral placebo or teriflunomide, 7 or 14 mg, once daily for 24 weeks; 86 patients entered the 24-week extension. The(More)
CM101, an antiangiogenic polysaccharide derived from group B streptococcus, was administered by i.v. injection 1 hr post-spinal-cord crush injury in an effort to prevent inflammatory angiogenesis and gliosis (scarring) in a mouse model. We postulated that gliosis would sterically prevent the reestablishment of neuronal connectivity; thus, treatment with(More)
CM101, a bacterial polysaccharide exotoxin produced by group B Streptococcus (GBS), also referred to as GBS toxin, has been shown to target pathological neovasculature and activate complement (C3), thereby inducing neovascularitis, infiltration of inflammatory cells, inhibition of tumor growth, and apoptosis in murine tumor models. Data from refractory(More)
CM101, a polysaccharide isolated from the culture medium of Group B streptococcus, a neonatal pathogen, targets pathological angiogenesis and inhibits tumor growth in mice and humans. CM101 also targets neonatal lung and adult sheep lung endothelial cells. A gene encoding a transmembrane protein that interacts with CM101 was isolated from a sheep lung(More)
PURPOSE A group B-streptococcus exotoxin (CM101) was administered following optic nerve injury in adult rats in order to analyze putative effects on macrophages, glial scar formation and regrowth of axons in the lesioned optic nerve. METHODS After a standardized intraorbital optic nerve crush, animals were randomized to treatment with CM101 (30 microm/kg(More)
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