Barbara Christine Gärtner

Learn More
BACKGROUND Immunosuppressive treatment in transplant patients frequently causes infectious complications with cytomegalovirus (CMV). The extent of CMV replication can be followed by a number of diagnostic methods. There is, however, no simple diagnostic tool to assess the quality of the cellular antiviral immune response of an individual patient. This would(More)
INTRODUCTION To establish strategic priorities for the German national public health institute (RKI) and guide the institute's mid-term strategic decisions, we prioritized infectious pathogens in accordance with their importance for national surveillance and epidemiological research. METHODS We used the Delphi process with internal (RKI) and external(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA detection and quantification are the key diagnostic tools for the management of hepatitis C. Commercially available HCV RNA assays are calibrated to the HCV genotype 1 (gt1)-based WHO standard. Significant differences between assays have been reported. However, it is unknown which assay matches the WHO standard best, and little(More)
Human APOBEC3 cytidine deaminases target and edit single-stranded DNA, which can be of viral, mitochondrial, or nuclear origin. Retrovirus genomes, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) genomes deficient in the vif gene and the hepatitis B virus genome, are particularly vulnerable. The genomes of some DNA viruses, such as human papillomaviruses, can be(More)
Patients after kidney, heart and lung transplantation differ in their immunosuppressive drug regimens and in susceptibility to infectious complications with cytomegalovirus (CMV). In this study, CMV-specific T-cell responses were characterized in long-term transplant recipients and associated with the frequency of infectious complications. CMV-reactive CD4(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) continues to be a serious complication following transplantation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the EBV load as a parameter for the prediction and monitoring of PTLD. The EBV load was analyzed by a quantitative competitive PCR with 417 whole-blood samples of 59(More)
BACKGROUND Only limited data are available on incidence and prevalence of infection with the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) agent in a healthy population. MATERIALS AND METHODS In a prospective study, we tested 361 male soldiers (age 18-29 years) from southwestern Germany for the HGE agent immunoglobulin G (IgG) using an indirect immunofluorescence(More)
Cellular immune responses are of high importance in initiating and maintaining immunity against virus infections. Whereas the cellular immune response during persistent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is well assessable, the individual contribution of CD4 and CD8 T cell responses during primary infection has not been described. A novel whole-blood assay,(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence points at an important function of vitamin D metabolites for growth regulation in various tissues, and new vitamin D analogs are interesting candidates for the treatment of malignancies, including squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). METHODS We have analyzed expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR), vitamin D-25-hydroxylase(More)
BACKGROUND The screening of hospital admission patients for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is of undisputed value in controlling and reducing the overall MRSA burden; yet, a concerted parallel universal screening intervention throughout all hospitals of an entire German Federal State has not yet been performed. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)