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In patients with primary Ab deficiencies, hematological and immunological abnormalities are frequently observed. A regenerative failure of hemopoietic stem/progenitor cells has been hypothesized. We evaluated in the bone marrow (BM) of 11 patients with common variable immunodeficiency, the phenotype of BM progenitors and their in vitro growth by(More)
The vitamin A (VA) metabolite all-trans retinoic acid (RA) plays a key role in mucosal immune responses. RA is produced by gut-associated dendritic cells (DC) and is required for generating gut-tropic lymphocytes and IgA-antibody-secreting cells (IgA-ASC). Moreover, RA modulates Foxp3(+) regulatory T cell (T(REG)) and Th17 effector T cell differentiation.(More)
Human recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) represents a group of diseases in which, due to a defect in osteoclasts, bone resorption is prevented. The deficit could arise either from failure in osteoclast differentiation or from inability to perform resorption by mature, multinucleated, but nonfunctional cells. Historically, osteopetrosis due to both these(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Induction of oral immune tolerance (OT) blocks proinflammatory responses to orally administered antigens and might be used to treat autoimmune conditions. We investigated whether gut-tropic T cells that express the integrin α4β7 and the chemokine receptor CCR9 are required for OT. METHODS Skin delayed-type hypersensitivity and(More)
Lymphocyte migration (homing) to specific tissues has an important role during protective and pathological immune responses, including inflammatory bowel diseases. Lymphocytes use integrin α4β7 and the chemokine receptor CCR9 to localize to the gastrointestinal mucosa; their respective ligands, mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 and CCL25, are(More)
In the last decades the molecular basis of monogenic diseases has been largely unraveled, although their treatment has often remained unsatisfactory. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) belongs to the small group of genetic diseases that are usually treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, this approach is not effective in(More)
Autosomal-Recessive Osteopetrosis (ARO) comprises a heterogeneous group of bone diseases for which mutations in five genes are known as causative. Most ARO are classified as osteoclast-rich, but recently a subset of osteoclast-poor ARO has been recognized as due to a defect in TNFSF11 (also called RANKL or TRANCE, coding for the RANKL protein), a master(More)
The genetic profile of dysplastic hepatocellular nodules arising in cirrhosis is poorly understood. We assessed loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and microsatellite instability (MI) in 10 dysplastic nodules (4 low-grade and 6 high-grade) with surrounding cirrhosis and in 10 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Six microsatellite loci were selected and investigated(More)
Gene transfer into hematopoietic stem cells by gamma-retroviral vectors (RVs) is an effective treatment for inherited blood disorders, although potentially limited by the risk of insertional mutagenesis. We evaluated the genomic impact of RV integration in T lymphocytes from adenosine deaminase-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (ADA-SCID) patients(More)
A number of genetic and environmental factors are taken into account as responsible for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR); nevertheless, the relevance of genetic alteration in IUGR aetiology remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to investigate using a combined cytogenetic-molecular approach, improved by a new application of QF-PCR method,(More)