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Lymphocyte migration (homing) to specific tissues has an important role during protective and pathological immune responses, including inflammatory bowel diseases. Lymphocytes use integrin α4β7 and the chemokine receptor CCR9 to localize to the gastrointestinal mucosa; their respective ligands, mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 and CCL25, are(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Induction of oral immune tolerance (OT) blocks proinflammatory responses to orally administered antigens and might be used to treat autoimmune conditions. We investigated whether gut-tropic T cells that express the integrin α4β7 and the chemokine receptor CCR9 are required for OT. METHODS Skin delayed-type hypersensitivity and(More)
In patients with primary Ab deficiencies, hematological and immunological abnormalities are frequently observed. A regenerative failure of hemopoietic stem/progenitor cells has been hypothesized. We evaluated in the bone marrow (BM) of 11 patients with common variable immunodeficiency, the phenotype of BM progenitors and their in vitro growth by(More)
A number of genetic and environmental factors are taken into account as responsible for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR); nevertheless, the relevance of genetic alteration in IUGR aetiology remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to investigate using a combined cytogenetic-molecular approach, improved by a new application of QF-PCR method,(More)
Gene transfer into HSCs is an effective treatment for SCID, although potentially limited by the risk of insertional mutagenesis. We performed a genome-wide analysis of retroviral vector integrations in genetically corrected HSCs and their multilineage progeny before and up to 47 months after transplantation into 5 patients with adenosine deaminase-deficient(More)
Autosomal-Recessive Osteopetrosis (ARO) comprises a heterogeneous group of bone diseases for which mutations in five genes are known as causative. Most ARO are classified as osteoclast-rich, but recently a subset of osteoclast-poor ARO has been recognized as due to a defect in TNFSF11 (also called RANKL or TRANCE, coding for the RANKL protein), a master(More)
Insertional oncogenesis is a possible consequence of the integration of gamma-retroviral (RV) or lentiviral (LV) vectors into the human genome. RV common insertion sites (CISs) have been identified in hematopoietic malignancies and in the nonmalignant progeny of transduced hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSCs), possibly as a consequence of clonal(More)
Human recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) represents a group of diseases in which, due to a defect in osteoclasts, bone resorption is prevented. The deficit could arise either from failure in osteoclast differentiation or from inability to perform resorption by mature, multinucleated, but nonfunctional cells. Historically, osteopetrosis due to both these(More)
The genetic profile of dysplastic hepatocellular nodules arising in cirrhosis is poorly understood. We assessed loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and microsatellite instability (MI) in 10 dysplastic nodules (4 low-grade and 6 high-grade) with surrounding cirrhosis and in 10 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Six microsatellite loci were selected and investigated(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Incidence of cholangiocarcinoma is increasing worldwide, yet remaining highly aggressive and with poor prognosis. The mechanisms that drive cholangiocyte transition towards malignant phenotype are obscure. Cholangiocyte benign proliferation is subjected to a self-limiting mechanism based on the autocrine release of endogenous opioid(More)