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Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one leading gram-negative organism associated with nosocomial infections. Bacteremia is life-threatening in the immunocompromised host. Increasing frequency of multi-drug-resistant (MDRPA) strains is concerning. We started a retrospective survey in the pediatric hematology oncology Italian network. Between 2000 and 2008, 127(More)
We performed a retrospective single center study to define the epidemiology of bacteremias or invasive mycoses in pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) from matched related donors (MRD) or alternative donors (AD). During 119 213 days of follow-up, 156 infections were observed: 130 bacteremias (27 in MRD-HSCT and 103 in AD-HSCT recipients) and 26(More)
Despite advances in supportive therapy to prevent complications of sickle cell disease (SCD), access to care is not universal. Hematopoietic cell transplantation is, to date, the only curative therapy for SCD, but its application is limited by availability of a suitable HLA-matched donor and lack of awareness of the benefits of transplant. Included in this(More)
BACKGROUND Neurotoxicity is a recognized complication of cyclosporine A (CSA) treatment. The incidence of severe CSA-related neurological complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is 4-11%. METHODS We describe 6 cases of CSA related neurotoxicity out of 67 matched related HSCT performed in paediatric Middle East patients(More)
Mixed chimerism (MC) and secondary graft failure are frequent events following SCT for thalassemia. There is limited information regarding the outcome of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) to prevent rejection, mainly from case reports describing only successful cases. We describe a series of seven children affected by beta-thalassemia treated with escalating(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is a common finding in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In this report, we retrospectively reviewed the neuroimaging results of four children who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and who developed recurrent, partial, intractable seizures following a first event(More)
Gene therapy is a highly attractive strategy for many types of inherited disorders of the immune system. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficient-severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) has been the target of several clinical trials based on the use of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells engineered with retroviral vectors. The introduction of a low intensity(More)
Primary brain tumours, a heterogeneous group of cancer that constitute the second most common cancer in childhood, were historically treated with neurosurgical resection and radiation therapy. Chemotherapy has proven to be beneficial for some histological types, which has since led to exploration of the role of high-dose chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem(More)
CEP is a rare inborn error of porphyrin-heme synthesis. Clinical manifestations can range from mild to severe and include erythrodontia, reddish-colored urine, and hemolytic anemia that can be mild or severe and may result in splenomegaly. Completely avoiding exposure to the sun is crucial. Attempts to reduce erythropoiesis and to lower circulating(More)
Nebulized liposomal amphotericin B (20-15 mg twice daily by nebulizer) was combined with high dose intravenous liposomal amphotericin B (10 mg/kg/day) and high dose caspofungin (100 mg/m(2)) for the treatment of severe, recurrent pulmonary aspergillosis following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from alternative donor in a patient with(More)