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We present a clinimetric assessment of the Movement Disorder Society (MDS)-sponsored revision of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS). The MDS-UDPRS Task Force revised and expanded the UPDRS using recommendations from a published critique. The MDS-UPDRS has four parts, namely, I: Non-motor Experiences of Daily Living; II: Motor(More)
BACKGROUND Early administration of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) after ischaemic stroke improves outcome. Previous analysis of combined data from individual patients suggested potential benefit beyond 3 h from stroke onset. We re-examined the effect of time to treatment with intravenous rt-PA (alteplase) on therapeutic benefit(More)
BACKGROUND Quick administration of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) after stroke improved outcomes in previous trials. We aimed to analyse combined data for individual patients to confirm the importance of rapid treatment. METHODS We pooled common data elements from six randomised placebo-controlled trials of intravenous rt-PA.(More)
This article presents the revision process, major innovations, and clinimetric testing program for the Movement Disorder Society (MDS)-sponsored revision of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), known as the MDS-UPDRS. The UPDRS is the most widely used scale for the clinical study of Parkinson's disease (PD). The MDS previously organized a(More)
BACKGROUND Formulas were developed to define tremor dominant (TD) and postural instability/gait difficulty (PIGD) phenotypes of Parkinson's Disease (PD) using the Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS). TD and PIGD designations, based on the original Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), provided useful(More)
BACKGROUND Physicians are often asked to predict outcome after acute stroke. Very little information is available that can reliably predict the likelihood of severe disability or death. OBJECTIVE To develop a practical method for predicting a poor outcome after acute ischemic stroke. METHODS Data from the placebo arms of Parts 1 and 2 of the National(More)
IMPORTANCE Optimizing assessments of rate of progression in Parkinson disease (PD) is important in designing clinical trials, especially of potential disease-modifying agents. OBJECTIVE To examine the value of measures of impairment, disability, and quality of life in assessing progression in early PD. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Inception cohort(More)
We used stored plasma samples from 409 patients in the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke (NINDS) tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) Stroke Trial to examine the relationship between an apolipoprotein (Apo) E2 or an Apo E4 phenotype and a favorable outcome 3 months after stroke, the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage, and the response to(More)
BACKGROUND Alteplase is effective for treatment of acute ischaemic stroke but debate continues about its use after longer times since stroke onset, in older patients, and among patients who have had the least or most severe strokes. We assessed the role of these factors in affecting good stroke outcome in patients given alteplase. METHODS We did a(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperglycemia during acute ischemic stroke may augment brain injury, predispose to intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), or both. METHOD To analyze the relationship between admission glucose level and clinical outcomes from acute ischemic stroke, the authors performed multivariate regression analysis with the National Institute of Neurological(More)