Barbara C. M. Potts

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The global marine pharmaceutical pipeline consists of three Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs, one EU registered drug, 13 natural products (or derivatives thereof) in different phases of the clinical pipeline and a large number of marine chemicals in the preclinical pipeline. In the United States there are three FDA approved marine-derived(More)
The crystal structures of the yeast 20S proteasome core particle (CP) in complex with Salinosporamides A (NPI-0052; 1) and B (4) were solved at <3 angstroms resolution. Each ligand is covalently bound to Thr1O(gamma) via an ester linkage to the carbonyl derived from the beta-lactone ring of the inhibitor. In the case of 1, nucleophilic addition to the(More)
Stimulation of aortic smooth muscle cells with platelet-derived growth factor BB homodimer (PDGF-BB) leads to the rapid activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and MAPK kinase (MAPKK). Compounds that increase cAMP and activate protein kinase A (PKA)--prostaglandin E2, isoproterenol, cholera toxin, and forskolin--were found to inhibit the(More)
The discovery of the anticancer agent salinosporamide A (NPI-0052) resulted from the exploration of new marine environments and a commitment to the potential of the ocean to yield new natural products for drug discovery and development. Driving the success of this process was the linkage of academic research together with the ability and commitment of(More)
Salinosporamide A (1, NPI-0052) is a potent proteasome inhibitor in development for treating cancer. In this study, a series of analogues was assayed for cytotoxicity, proteasome inhibition, and inhibition of NF-kappaB activation. Marked reductions in potency in cell-based assays accompanied replacement of the chloroethyl group with unhalogenated(More)
The proteasome has emerged as an important clinically relevant target for the treatment of hematologic malignancies. Since the Food and Drug Administration approved the first-in-class proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (Velcade) for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) and mantle cell lymphoma, it has become clear that new inhibitors are(More)
Salinosporamide A ( 1 (NPI-0052)) is a potent, monochlorinated 20S proteasome inhibitor in clinical trials for the treatment of cancer. To elucidate the role of the chlorine leaving group (LG), we synthesized analogues with a range of LG potentials and determined their IC 50 values for inhibition of chymotrypsin-like (CT-L), trypsin-like (T-L), and(More)
This review of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitors from marine organisms presents a compilation of research in this field over the past decade. As an introduction to the research on marine natural products, there is an overview of the role of PLA2 in inflammation that provides a rationale for seeking inhibitors of PLA2 as anti-inflammatory agents. A(More)
The S100 calcium-binding proteins are implicated as effectors in calcium-mediated signal transduction pathways. The three-dimensional structure of the S100 protein calcyclin has been determined in solution in the apo state by NMR spectroscopy and a computational strategy that incorporates a systematic docking protocol. This structure reveals a symmetric(More)
A series of chlorinated bisindole pyrroles, lynamicins A-E (1-5), was discovered from a novel marine actinomycete, NPS12745, which was isolated from a marine sediment collected off the coast of San Diego, California. Close to full length 16S rRNA sequence analysis indicated that NPS12745 is a novel strain of a recently described marine actinomycete with the(More)