Barbara Byrom

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Proteins expressed from the map1 multigene family of Ehrlichia ruminantium are strongly recognized by immune T and B cells from infected animals or from animals that were infected and have recovered from heartwater disease (although still remaining infected carriers). Analogous multigene clusters also encode the immunodominant outer membrane proteins (OMPs)(More)
Theilerial parasites of cattle were isolated by a variety of methods from the Harare area of Zimbabwe. Parasite stocks were established in lymphoid cell cultures and as cryopreserved sporozoite stabilates in the laboratory. Fourteen stocks in culture were characterized by testing them with monoclonal antibodies (MAb) raised against T. parva parva and T.(More)
The role of T cells in immunity to Cowdria ruminantium was investigated by studying the responses to infection of normal, athymic, CD4(+) T cell knock out (KO) and CD8(+) T cell KO C57BL/6 mice. Normal C57BL/6 mice could be immunized by infection and treatment, and immunity was adoptively transferable from immune to naive mice by splenocytes. Following(More)
The causal agent of heartwater disease of domestic ruminants, Cowdria ruminantium, can, with difficulty, be isolated and passaged in lines of bovine endothelial cells grown in the presence of the Glasgow modification of Eagle's minimal essential medium. However, when Leibovitz's L-15 medium supplemented with 0.45% glucose at pH 6.0-6.5 is used as(More)
Conconavalin A-stimulated bovine T-cell supernatants inhibited the growth of Cowdria ruminantium in bovine endothelial cells in vitro but did not affect their entry. This finding represents one mechanism by which T cells may control C. ruminantium multiplication and hence affect the severity of disease.
DBA/2 and Balb/c mice were used as a model to study the immune responses to Cowdria ruminantium. Both strains of mice were inoculated with 1, 10 or 100 LD50 of the Crystal Springs strain of C. ruminantium. Antibody to C. ruminantium started to develop in the second week post-inoculation and the titre of the antibody was dependent on the inoculation dose of(More)
Immune responses to Cowdria ruminantium, an intracellular organism that causes heartwater in domestic ruminants, were characterized in a DBA/2 mouse model. Immunity induced by infection and treatment was adoptively transferable by splenocytes and could be abrogated by in vivo depletion of T cells but not by inhibition of nitric oxide synthase using(More)
In an earlier study we demonstrated that Concanavalin-A stimulated bovine T cell supernatants inhibited the growth of Cowdria ruminantium in bovine endothelial cells in vitro. An investigation was conducted to identify the cytokines which were responsible for this growth inhibition. Addition of antiserum against bovine interferon gamma (IFN gamma)(More)
A new and simple technique for isolation of C. ruminantium in bovine and ovine vascular endothelial cells (aorta, pulmonary artery) is described. Unlike previous studies, no efforts were made to retard cell growth by irradiation or chemicals. Instead, heparin-derived plasma samples obtained from only those animals exhibiting prolonged or extremely high(More)
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