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Nicotine addiction is a chronic disorder characterized by a relatively high rate of relapse even after long period of abstinence. In the present study, we used the conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm to investigate the establishment, extinction, reinstatement, and cross-reinstatement of nicotine-induced place conditioning in rats. First, we revealed(More)
Reinstatement of drug-seeking behaviour in animals is relevant to relapse to drug taking in humans. We used the conditioned place preference version of the reinstatement model to investigate the establishment, extinction, reinstatement and cross-reinstatement of nicotine-induced place conditioning in rats. Nicotine produced a place preference to the(More)
The current experiments examined the anxiety-related effects of acute and repeated nicotine administration using the elevated plus maze test in mice. Nicotine (0.1 mg/kg s.c., 5 and 30 min after injection; 0.5 mg/kg, s.c., 5 min after injection) had an anxiogenic effect, shown by specific decreases in the percentage of time spent on the open arms and in the(More)
Reinstatement of drug-seeking behaviour in animals is relevant to drug relapse in humans. In the present study, we used the conditioned place preference paradigm to investigate the establishment, extinction, reinstatement and cross-reinstatement of nicotine-induced place conditioning in rats. Nicotine produced a place preference to the initially(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Several lines of evidence support a strong relationship between cholinergic pathways and memory. The aim of our experiments was to examine the mechanisms involved in the formation of different memory stages, to evaluate the impact of substances, which affect the cholinergic system in mice, with an employment of the modified elevated(More)
The present study focused on the evaluation of a role of opioid system in nicotine-induced antinociception and physical dependence in mice. The results indicate that nicotine (3 mg/kg) produced a significant antinociception in the hot plate test. Additionally, the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone (0.5 and 1 mg/kg), dose-dependently attenuated this(More)
The purpose of the reported experiments was to examine the effects of imperatorin [9-[(3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)oxy]-7H-furo[3,2-g]chromen-7-one] on anxiety and memory-related responses induced by nicotine in mice and their relation to the level of nicotine-induced oxidative stress in brain as well as in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex. Male Swiss(More)
The purpose of the experiments was to examine the anxiety-related effects of d-amphetamine and nicotine, and the possible involvement of the endocannabinoid system. D-amphetamine (2 mg/kg, ip) was administered acutely or daily for 8 days. On the 9th day, mice were challenged with d-amphetamine (2 mg/kg, ip) or nicotine (0.1 mg/kg, sc), and were tested in(More)
Imperatorin, a naturally occurring furanocoumarin, inactivates gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase and inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity. The purpose of our experiment was to examine the influence of imperatorin on cognitive impairment and oxidative stress in the brain induced by scopolamine in male Swiss mice. In the present studies, we used(More)
The endocannabinoid system, through cannabinoid (CB) receptors, is involved in memory-related responses, as well as in processes that may affect cognition, like oxidative stress processes. The purpose of the experiments was to investigate the impact of CB1 and CB2 receptor ligands on the long-term memory stages in male Swiss mice, using the passive(More)