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CD117 is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor encoded by the c-Kit proto-oncogene. The immunohistochemical expression of CD117 was examined in 49 specimens of canine mammary glands (eight normal/hyperplastic, 11 benign tumours and 30 malignant tumours). Expression was assessed as: (1) presence or absence of CD117; (2) membrane, cytoplasmic, or both,(More)
Kidney samples with interstitial nephritis from 26 pigs affected by postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) were selected. A histologic evaluation was carried out to describe the type of inflammation and its relationship with viral load, as assessed by in situ hybridization (ISH). Of 26 cases, 10 revealed a tubulointerstitial, lymphoplasmacytic(More)
During the summer of 2013 seven Italian Tyrolean Grey calves were born with abnormally short limbs. Detailed clinical and pathological examination revealed similarities to chondrodysplastic dwarfism. Pedigree analysis showed a common founder, assuming autosomal monogenic recessive transmission of the defective allele. A positional cloning approach combining(More)
The reduction or loss of E-cadherin (E-cad), a calcium-dependent epithelial cell adhesion molecule, has been associated with tumor dedifferentiation and invasiveness. The immunohistochemical pattern of E-cad expression was evaluated in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded sections of 6 normal mammary glands, 3 dysplasias, 12 benign tumors (8 benign mixed(More)
The molecular characterization of mammary tumours represents a new stage in the development of effective predictive models and targeted therapies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the molecular phenotype of a primary feline mammary tumour and that of a related lymph node metastasis. Twenty-one mammary tumour samples and their(More)
The purpose of this study was to validate immunohistochemistry (IHC) as an alternative to telomerase repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) analysis to detect telomerase activity. TRAP-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reactivity was compared with telomerase reverse transcription (TERT) IHC staining in 22 feline mammary tissues (6 normal mammary(More)
E-Cadherin and beta-catenin are known for their role in tumor invasion, but both proteins also exert an influence on tumor proliferation. This study, performed on canine mammary tumors, aimed to analyze the influence of E-cadherin (E-cad) and beta-catenin (beta-cat), immunohistochemically assessed singly and in combination (E-cad/beta-cat), on survival and(More)
E-cadherin (E-cad) is a cell adhesion molecule known for its tumour invasion-suppressor function. This study investigated the immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin in 19 cases of malignant mammary tumours of the dog and the relationship between E-cadherin expression in primary tumours and in regional lymph node metastases. E-cadherin expression is(More)
Mucinous carcinoma of the mammary gland is a rare tumor characterized by excessive mucin production. In human and canine pathology, the diagnosis of mucinous carcinoma is based on the demonstration of an epithelial phenotype of mucus-producing cells and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-diastase positivity of the mucin. The histologic and immunohistologic(More)
Distant metastases represent a major step in the progression and fatal outcome of canine and feline mammary carcinomas. Recent studies have characterized the molecular phenotypes of mammary tumours and provided information on molecules that may allow targeted therapy in sites from which the tumours may not readily be surgically resected. Molecular(More)