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Bone intrinsic strength is conditioned by several factors, including material property and trabecular micro-architecture. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a good surrogate for material property. Architectural anisotropy is of special interest in mechanics-architecture relations and characterizes the degree of directional organization of a material. We have(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the three-dimensional (3D) micro-architecture of subchondral trabecular (Tb) bone in osteoarthritis (OA). Due to high signal-to-noise ratio and high resolution, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) by synchrotron radiation is considered as the gold standard for bone micro-architecture imaging. DESIGN Subchondral bone were extracted(More)
AIMS Beta2 adrenergic agonists are widely used in therapeutics and as doping agents by athletes. However, their effects on bone tissue, especially bone microarchitecture, remain poorly understood. Using three-dimensional (3D) microtomography, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, biomechanical testing and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we evaluated the(More)
BACKGROUND The degree of anisotropy (DA) on radiographs is related to bone structure, we present a new index to assess DA. METHODS In a region of interest from calcaneus radiographs, we applied a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT). All the FFT spectra involve the horizontal and vertical components corresponding respectively to longitudinal and transversal(More)
PURPOSE beta2 adrenergic agonists are widely used as doping agents. Their side effects on bone, especially microarchitecture, remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic clenbuterol and salbutamol treatment on bones of growing rats. METHODS Twelve-week-old Wistar female rats were divided into three groups: salbutamol(More)
BACKGROUND The porosity of human cortical bone is one of the major parameters conditioning bone strength. The purpose of this study was to validate the characterization of human cortical bone microarchitecture using microcomputed tomography (microCT). To validate this microCT technique, the structural measurements were compared with other methods such as(More)
Microcomputed tomography (microCT) produces three-dimensional (3D) images of trabecular bone. We compared conventional microCT (CmicroCT) with a polychromatic x-ray cone beam to synchrotron radiation (SR) microCT with a monochromatic parallel beam for assessing trabecular bone microarchitecture of 14 subchondral femoral head specimens from patients with(More)
The bone samples used in clinical and experimental trials must be the less damaged as possible to avoid alterations of their properties. However, the mode of storage might possibly alter the bone properties, particularly microarchitecture and strength. The aim of our study was to analyze the effects of deep-freezing and alcohol conservation techniques on(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Certain confirmation of bone fusion remains difficult to obtain after arthrodesis despite progress in imaging techniques. Microscanning enables both qualitative and quantitative analysis of the bone microarchitecture. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this technique using a cervical arthrodesis with an intersomatic cage on an(More)
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