Barbara Brühl

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The Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP) is cleaved by several proteases, the most studied, but still unidentified ones, are those involved in the release of a fragment of APP, the amyloidogenic beta-protein A beta. Proteolysis by gamma-secretase is the last processing step resulting in release of A beta. Cleavage occurs after residue 40 of A beta [A(More)
Molecular mechanisms underlying the generation of distinct cell phenotypes is a key issue in developmental biology. A major paradigm of determination of neural cell fate concerns the development of sympathetic neurones and neuroendocrine chromaffin cells from a common sympathoadrenal (SA) progenitor cell. Two decades of in vitro experiments have suggested(More)
The sympathoadrenal (SA) cell lineage is a derivative of the neural crest (NC), which gives rise to sympathetic neurons and neuroendocrine chromaffin cells. Signals that are important for specification of these two types of cells are largely unknown. MASH1 plays an important role for neuronal as well as catecholaminergic differentiation. Mash1 knockout mice(More)
The diversification of neural-crest-derived sympathoadrenal (SA) progenitor cells into sympathetic neurons and neuroendocrine adrenal chromaffin cells was thought to be largely understood. In-vitro studies with isolated SA progenitor cells had suggested that chromaffin cell differentiation depends crucially on glucocorticoids provided by adrenal cortical(More)
Adrenal chromaffin cells and sympathetic neurons both originate from the neural crest, yet signals that trigger chromaffin development remain elusive. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) emanating from the dorsal aorta are important signals for the induction of a sympathoadrenal catecholaminergic cell fate. We report here that BMP-4 is also expressed by(More)
Bumetanide is a weak organic acid which is transported into hepatocytes by a transport system that is related neither to the cloned sodium-dependent taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide Ntcp nor to the cloned organic anion transporting polypeptide oatp. Bumetanide is known to be transported in the kidney by a multispecific organic anion transporter which(More)
A hepatic bumetanide-binding protein of molecular mass 60 kDa was isolated from rat liver sinusoidal plasma membranes after photoaffinity labelling with [3H]bumetanide. The protein was purified by non-equilibrium pH gel electrophoresis/two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The amino acid sequences of two internal fragments share 67% and 89% similarity with(More)